History Flashcards

World History FLVS 3.01

Oral tradition the spoken relation and preservation, from one generation to the next, of a people’s cultural history and ancestry.
Griot a West African word for a person who plays music and tells the legends, myths, and stories of a people.
Sahara desert Whats the largest desert in the world?
Sahel an arid area at the southern edge of the Sahara desert, which stretches from Mauritania to Chad.
Ghana rose from the Soninke people in the grasslands north of the Niger River.
Mali The kingdom of the Malinke rose as the Ghana Empire declined, ultimately becoming the —– Empire.
Songhai the largest of the three west african empires.
Nok what culture is known for beautiful figurines made out of clay?
Yoruba a member of a people of southwestern Nigeria and Benin
iron smelting What technology came from the Hittites in Anatolia and ultimately reached the Nok people?
Trade what is the real reason for the development and rise of the great West African kingdoms of Ghana, Mali, and Songhai?
Aimists :the belief in the existence of individual spirits that inhabit natural objects and phenomena.
Matrilineal :tracing decent through the mother’s ancestors.
Trade of gold and salt What did the Ghana empire rely heavily on?
Ghana Who taxed traders?
Malinke :also known as Mandinke, is a large ethnic group in West Africa that became known as the Mali Empire.
Sundiata Keita Who was the founder of the Mali Empire?
Sundiata Keita Who reestablished the gold and salt trade that had declined after the fall of Ghana?
Sunni Ali the Great Who was the founder of the Songhai empire?
Sunni Ali the Great Who led the Songhai in conquering the cities of Mema and Timbuktu?
1 Kings and Nobility2 Freemen3 Slaves and War Captives What was the Songhai Class structure?
c What gave the Kingdom of Ghana a military advantage over its neighbors? (5 points) Trade of salt and spices Climate and water access Iron and horses Gold and silver
b In what way was the empire of Ghana different from the later empire of Mali? (5 points) Ghana was ruled by Malinke leaders, and Mali was ruled by Soninke leaders. Ghana was mostly animists, and Mali had a Muslim-following leadership. Ghana was patrilineal, and Mali followed a matrilineal system Ghana was influenced by Arab architecture, and Mali was not.
b Why was Timbuktu an important location in Mali’s empire? (5 points) It was the capital of Ghana. It was a center for learning. It controlled the gold and salt trade. It was the earliest city founded in West Africa.
a How did Sundiata contribute to the Mali Empire? (5 points) He recaptured gold-producing areas of West Africa. He established Mali’s power in the region with his pilgrimage to Mecca. He created new architectural methods that are still used today. He made peace agreements with the Soso kingdom.
b Who was Sunni Ali? (5 points) He was a great Soninke warrior. He was a great leader of Songhai. He was a great leader of Mali. He went on a pilgrimage to Mecca.
a What important natural resource in West Africa did the Songhai Empire control? (5 points) Salt mines in the Sahara Desert Nile River Atlas Mountains The only access to the Atlantic Ocean
a Which of the following contributed to the start of civil wars and Mali’s decline? (5 points) Struggles over the line of succession Fights over different interpretations of the Quran Family fights over control of the ivory trade Struggles over control of the slave trade
d Which event marks the final stage in the collapse of the Songhai Empire? (5 points) Revolts from deposed kings Civil wars among the priests Weakening from the slave trade An invasion from Morocco
d What geographical feature contributed to why North Africa developed so differently from southern Africa? (5 points) Niger River Inland Delta Sahel Region Sahara Desert
c What role did the geography of the Sahel play in the rise of the medieval African kingdoms? (5 points) It provided access to the large ports on the Atlantic. The lack of fresh water made rulers here more warlike. It provided a place for trade between the North and the South. The desert was difficult for outsiders to invade.

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