History Flashcards

US History Chapter 18

Queen Liluokalani Queen of Hawaii who was forced to give up her throne because of American business interests
United States Imperalism belief that the U.S. should take economic, political and military control power over weaker countries
Alfred T. Mahan U.S. admiral who supported the growth of the U.S. Navy and colonies overseas
William Seward Secretary of State who purchased Alaska from Russia for $7.2 million
Pearl Harbor U.S. naval bases built in Hawaii
Jose Marti Cuban poet and journalist who led a rebellion for independence from Spain
Valeriano Weyler general sent from Spain to Cuba to restore order
yellow journalism exaggeration of the news to make it more exciting
de Lome letter letter written by a Spanish diplomat criticizing President McKinley as being weak
U.S.S. Maine American warship in Cuba that was believed to have been exploded by Spain
George Dewey American naval commander who led the attack on the Phillipines
Rough Riders fighting unit led by Theodore Roosevelt in Cuba
San Juan Hill location where the Spanish surrendered to the U.S. in Cuba
Treaty of Paris (1898) treaty that ended the Spanish American War
Foraker Act law that ended military rule and set up a civil government in Puerto Rico
Platt Amendment amendment in the Cuban constitution that gave the U.S. special privileges
Protectorate a country that is partly controlled by a stronger country
Emilio Aguinaldo Filipino rebel who led a revolt against the U.S.
John Hay US Secretary of state who sent the Open Door notes
Open Door notes message sent by John Hay calling for China’s ports to remain open and for China to remain independent in order to protect US trading rights
Boxer Rebellion Chinese rebellion against Western influence
Panama Canal channel across Central America connecting the Atlantic and the Pacific Oceans
Roosevelt Corollary Roosevelt’s extension to the Monroe Doctrine that stated that the US has the right to protect its economic interests in Latin America
dollar diplomacy policy of intervening in other countries to protect U.S. business interests
Francisco “Pancho” Villa Mexican revolutionary that led a rebellion against Carranza, new leader of Mexico, and his followers also killed American troops
Emiliano Zapata Mexican rebel, led a peasant revolt, understood the misery of peasant villagers
John J. Pershing general sent by President Wilson to capture Pancho Villa
Anti-Imperialist League group of antiimperialists that advocated for isolationism, thought it was wrong for the U.S. to rule other people without their consent
The Spanish American War caused the United States to be recognized as a world power

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