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History Flashcards

History Chapter 2

Religious dissension in England the first half of the seventeenth century resulted in: a civil war.
When comparing English colonies to Spanish ones: England sent more people to the Americas in the seventeenth century.
For Native Americans along the Atlantic Coast, disease and: environmental factors dramatically altered their way of life.
In regards to geography, English colonies: were in colder climates when compared to Spanish colonies.
The Virginia Company can be called a failure primarily because: it ultimately did not make money.
When comparing the Chesapeake colonies to the New England settlements: here were more indentured servants in the Chesapeake region.
Who was most likely to build the best relationships with the Native Americans? Puritans
The separation of church and state in Massachusetts during the seventeenth century: is similar to the way the government is conducted in today’s United States.
______ describes best the actions of the Puritan leaders in Massachusetts Bay. Intolerant
Anne Hutchinson’s trial demonstrated that: church elders lacked tolerance.
The key to more economic equality in New England when compared to the Chesapeake colonies was that New England had more: landowners.
As the sixteenth century progressed in New England, the growing commerce: brought into conflict religious and economic values.
The Half-Way Covenant of 1662 addressed: generational conflicts.
At the heart of the English Civil War was: whether Puritans should separate from the Church of England.
Who would most admire today’s America with its constitutional protections of equal rights for all? Levellers
In 1607, the colonists who sailed to Jamestown on three small ships: chose an inland site partly to avoid the possibility of attack by Spanish warships
The 104 settlers who remained in Virginia after the ships that brought them from England returned home: were all men, reflecting the Virginia Company’s interest in searching for gold as opposed to building a functioning society.
Which one of the following lists these colonies in the proper chronological order by the dates they were founded, from the earliest to the latest? Jamestown, Plymouth, Massachusetts Bay, Rhode Island
Why did King Henry VIII break from the Catholic Church? He wanted a divorce, and the Pope refused to grant it.
Which one of the following statements is true of Queen Mary of England, who reigned from 1553 to 1558? She temporarily restored Catholicism as the state religion of England.
Why did Sir Humphrey Gilbert and Sir Walter Raleigh fail in their attempts to colonize the New World? The government provided insufficient financial support.
During the reign of __________, the English government turned its attention to North America by granting charters to Humphrey Gilbert and Walter Raleigh for the establishment of colonies there. Elizabeth I
Just as the reconquest of Spain from the Moors established patterns that would be repeated in Spanish New World colonization, the methods used in which one of the following countries anticipated policies England would undertake in America? Ireland
Why did England consider Spain its enemy by the late 1500s? Because of religious differences: England had officially broken with the Roman Catholic Church, while Spain was devoutly Catholic.
How did Richard Hakluyt explain his claim that there was a connection between freedom and colonization? English colonization would save the New World from Spanish tyranny.
All of the following contributed to the English social crisis of the late sixteenth century EXCEPT: a lower birth rate, which made it difficult to find workers for new industries.
As a result of British landowners evicting peasants from their lands in the sixteenth and seventeenth centuries: efforts were made to persuade or even force those who had been evicted to settle in the New World, thereby easing the British population crisis.
Which one of the following is true of poverty in seventeenth-century Great Britain? About half of the population lived at or below the poverty line by the end of the seventeenth century.
In Great Britain, the idea of working for wages: was associated with servility and the loss of liberty.
What did English settlers in North America believe was the basis of liberty? land

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