History Flashcards

A.T.I. The Cardiovascular System

A health care professional is reviewing the history of a patient who is about to begin furosemide (Lasix) therapy to treat hypertension. Which of the following drugs that the patient takes should alert the health care professional to take further action? Lithium (Lithobid) for bipolar disorderFurosemide is high-ceiling loop diuretic, increases sodium loss and can cause reabsorption of lithium, a mood stabilizer.
A health care professional is caring for a patient who is about to begin taking verapamil (Calan) to treat atrial fibrillation. The health care professional should tell the patient to avoid grapefruit juice while taking verapamil because it can cause hypotension
A health care professional is assessing a patient following the administration of nifedipine (Procardia). Recognizing the adverse effects of nifedipine, the health care professional should be prepared to administer which of the following drugs? Propranolol (Inderal) Administering a beta-adrenergic blocker will minimize the adverse effects by decreasing the cardiac oxygen demand.
When talking with a patient about taking epleronone (Inspra) to treat hypertension, the health care professional should include which of the following instructions? Avoid the use of salt substitutes. Many salt substitutes contain significant amounts of potassium and can cause hyperkalemia.
A health care professional is caring for a patient who is about to begin taking losartan (Cozaar) to treat hypertension. The health care professional should tell the patient to report which of the following indication of an adverse reaction to the drug? Facial EdemaCan cause angioedema often manifesting as redness and swelling around the eyes and lips. Patients should stop taking the drug and seek medical attention immediately.
When talking with a patient about taking amiodarone (Cordarone) to treat atrial fibrillation, which of the following should the health care professional tell the patient to avoid? Grapefruit JuiceIn particulary large amounts can cause toxicity of potassium channel blockers.
A health care professional is about to administer atenolol (Tenormin) to a patient who has hypertension. Which of the following assessments should the health care professional perform prior to giving the patient the drug? Apical PulseHealth care professionals should withhold the drug for an apical pulse rate slower than 60/min and notify the primary care provider.
While talking with a patient about drug therapy options for hypertension, the provider notes that the patient also has some manifestations of depression that require treatment. Which of the following antihypertensive drugs is inappropriate for the patient? Reserpine Severe depression and an increased risk for suicide are adverse effects of adrenergic neuron blockers.
A health care professional is caring for a patient who is about to begin taking ethacrynic acid (Edecrin) to treat heart failure. The health care professional should tell the patient to report which of the following indications of a potentially serious adverse reaction? Hearing LossThis medication is a high-ceiling loop diuretic similar in actions and effects to furosemide (Lasix), can cause ototoxicity, which can lead to permanent hearing loss.
A provider is considering the various drug therapy options for treating a patient’s cardiac dysrhythmia. He should be aware that which of the following antidysrhythmic drugs is appropriate only for short-term use because of its severe adverse effects with long-term use? ProcainamideThis is a poor choice because of its risk for serious adverse effects, including cardiotoxicity and atrial embolism.
A health care professional is caring for a patient who is about to begin captopril (Capoten) therapy to treat hypertension. When talking with the patient about taking the drug, the health care professional should tell her to report which of the following adverse effects because they can indicate a need to stop drug therapy? (Select all that apply.) rashdistorted tasteswelling of tonguedry cough
A patient who is taking digoxin (Lanoxin) develops ECG changes and other manifestations that indicate severe digoxin toxicity. Which of he following drugs should the health care professional have available to treat this complication? Fab antibody fragments (Digibind)AKA Digoxin Immune Fab binds to digoxin and blocks its action.
A health care professional should question the use of milrinone (Primacor) for a patient who currently has which of the following? Acute Myocardial Infarction
When talking with a patient about taking clonidine (Catapres) to treat hypertension, the health care professional should explain that discontinuing clonidine therapy abruptly can result in which of the following adverse effects? Hypertension
A health care professional is caring for a patient who is about to begin using transdermal nitroglycerin (Nitro-Dur) to treat angina pectoris. When talking with the patient about the drug, the health care professional should include which of the following instructions? (Select all that apply.) Apply the patch to a hairless area and rotate sites.Apply a new patch each morning.Remove the patch for 10 to 12 hr daily.
A health care professional is caring for a patient who has a glomerular filtration rate of 10 mL/min and a reduced urine output. The health care professional should question the use of hydrochlorothiazide for the patient because of which of the following characteristics of the drug? The drug does not promote diuresis for patients who have renal insufficiency.Adequate kidney function is essential to promote urine production and excretion effectively.
A health care professional is caring for a patient who is about to begin taking simvastatin (Zocor) to treat hypercholesterolemia. The health care professional should tell the patient to report which of the following indications of a serious adverse reaction that could warrant stopping drug therapy? Muscle PainIt can cause myopathy or pain in muscles and joints that can progress to rhabdomylosis. With this rare but serious side effect, muscle protein breaks down and its excretion causes kidney damage.
A patient who takes carvedilol (Coreg) for hypertension is about to begin taking an oral antidiabetes drug to manage newly diagnosed type 2 diabetes mellitus. The health care professional should make sure the primary care provider is aware that the patient is at increased risk for which of the following if she takes both drugs? Hypoglycemia Carvedilol potentiates the hypoglycemic effects of insulin and oral hypoglycemic drugs and can mask tachycardia in a patient who has hypoglycemia.
A health care professional is caring for a patient who has moderate to severe hypertension and is about to begin hydralazine therapy. The health care professional should monitor the patient for which of the following severe adverse reactions to the drug? A Lupus-Like SyndromeManifestations include facial rash, joint pain, fever, nephritis, and pericarditis. High doses make it more likely. Fluid retention and edema can also develop.
A health care professional should question the use of dobutamine for a patient who is receiving which of the following types of drugs? (Select all that apply.) Monoamine oxidase inhibitorgeneral anesthetictricyclic antidepressantbeta blocker
A health care professional is caring for a patient who is taking spironolactone (Aldactone) to treat hypertension. Which of the laboratory values should alert the health care professional to take further action? serum potassium level of 5.2 mEq/LThis level exceeds the reference range of 3.5 to 5.0 mEq/L and warrants immediate intervention.
A health care professional is caring for a patient who is about to begin taking gemfibrozil (Lopid) to treat hypercholesterolemia. Which of the following instructions should the health care professional include when talking with the patient about the drug? (Select all that apply.) Report any new intolerance to fried foods.Report muscle tenderness.Expect periodic liver function testing.
A health care professional is caring for a pateint who is about to begin aliskiren (Tekturna) therapy to treat hypertension. The health care professional should monitor the patient for which of the following adverse effects of the drug? (Select all that apply.) hyperkalemiathroat swellingcough
A health care professional should question the use of nifedipine (Procardia) for a patient who has a history of which of the following? Unstable Angina PectorisThis medication can cause reflect tachycardia therefore it would be an adverse effect that can worsen angina pain because it increases cardiac oxygen demand.
A health care professional is caring for a patient who is about to begin taking propranolol (Inderal) to treat a tachydysrhythmia. The health care professional should caution the patient about taking which of the following type of over-the-counter drugs? AntacidsAntacids and vitamin C can decrease absorption.
History Flashcards

history 1.4

The Triangle Shirtwaist fire: brought in its wake much-needed safety legislation.
The word “Progressivism” came into common use around 1910: as a way of describing a loosely defined political movement.
The Progressive movement drew its strength from: middle-class reformers.
During the Progressive era: commercial farming grew.
Newspaper & magazine writers who exposed the ills of industrial & urban life, fueling the Progressive movement, were known as: muckrakers
All of the following people were “muckrakers” EXCEPT: Samuel Gompers.
The writer whose work encouraged the passage of the Meat Inspection Act was: Upton Sinclair.
During the Progressive era: new immigration from southern and eastern Europe reached its peak
Progressive-era immigration was part of a larger process of worldwide migration set in motion by all of the following forces EXCEPT: the annexation of the Philippines.
Which was the Ellis Island of the West? Angel Island.
In the early twentieth century, Angel Island in San Francisco Bay became known as the “Ellis Island of the West” and served as the main entry point for immigrants from: China.
Asian and Mexican immigrants in the early twentieth century: clustered in the West as agricultural workers.
Birds of passage were: immigrants who planned on returning to their homeland.
Most new immigrants who arrived during the early years of the twentieth century: lived in close-knit communities.
Which institution became a pillar of stability for the immigrants as they settled into the communities in American cities? Church.
Vaudeville is a: form of live entertainment.
Nickelodeons: were motion-picture theaters with a five-cent admission charge.
During the Progressive era: growing numbers of native-born white women worked in offices.
Charlotte Perkins Gilman claimed that the road to woman’s freedom lay through: the workplace.
The term “Fordism”: describes an economic system based on mass production and mass consumption.
The new concepts of a “living wage” and the “American standard of living”: argued that all Americans should be wealthy
The program that sought to streamline production & boost profits by systematically controlling costs & work practices was called: scientific management.
Why did workers experience the introduction of scientific management as a loss of freedom? Skilled workers under scientific management had to obey very detailed instructions.
A worker who crossed a picket line during a strike was called a: scab.
Which person was a Supreme Court justice and a Progressive reformer who advocated for the labor movement? Eugene V. Debs
In the early twentieth century, the Socialist Party advocated for all of the following EXCEPT: free college education.
By 1912, the Socialist Party: had yet to elect a member to Congress.
Eugene V. Debs was: a Socialist candidate for president.
Which statement about the American Federation of Labor in the early twentieth century is FALSE? The AFL proposed an overthrow of the capitalist system.
The Industrial Workers of the World: advocated a workers’ revolution.
Which statement about the textile strike in Lawrence, Massachusetts, in 1912 is FALSE? The strikers asked the American Federation of Labor for assistance.
What brought about a new wave of sympathy for the plight of women in the garment industry in Lawrence, Massachusetts? The appearance of malnourished children evacuated from Lawrence shocked the public.
The Ludlow Massacre was a tragic confrontation between: Colorado mine workers and militia.
The battle for free speech among workers in the early twentieth century: was led by the Industrial Workers of the World.
Feminism: sought to attack the traditional roles of sexual behavior for women.
Margaret Sanger was a: birth-control advocate.
What Progressive-era issue became a crossroads where the paths of labor radicals, cultural modernists, & feminists intersected? Birth control.
Founder of the Society of American Indians, Carlos Montezuma: demanded that American Indians be left alone in order to be independent.
Which of the following is NOT a characteristic of Progressive reformers? Progressives pursued radical alternatives to capitalism.
All of the following statements about Urban Progressives are true EXCEPT they worked with political machines.
Progressive governor of Wisconsin, Robert La Follette, instituted all of the following reforms EXCEPT: promising lower taxes and less government interference.
All of the following measures expanded democracy during the Progressive era EXCEPT: literacy tests & residency requirements.
Electoral reform during the Progressive era: actually limited many Americans’ right to vote.
Jane Addams: advocated for the working poor.
All of the following statements about Jane Addams and Hull House are true EXCEPT: She believed that immigrant women primarily needed union protection.
History Flashcards

1.07 US History

Which government intervention would most likely cause problems for inhabitants of the region marked Indian territory A. Homestead act
Considering the map above what conclusions can be drawn about The native Americans journey to the reservation C. Some Native Americans traveled by boat at least part of the way
Which battle represents the Native Americans final attempt to resist the Armed Forces C. Battle of the wounded knee
Which One of the following would be another appropriate name for the Dawes act D. Native American assimilation act
What was the goal of the Dawes act B. Assimilate Native American into the dominant culture
How could the federal government have made the Dawes act more successful B. By making it illegal for Native Americans to sell their land to speculators
What can you predict about settlement patterns in this period of time A. The reservations will move westward
Native Americans were promised New lands in the west where they would be protected from land hungry homesteaders A. Pull factor in migration
What affect did the federal government desire from the implementation of the Dawes act C. Reduce their responsibility toprovide for Native American welfare
The excerpt below is from the Dawes act which was written in 1887 based on the passage in addition to the land what other benefits could Native American receive from the Dawes act A. U.S. Citizenship
Excerpt from the Dawes Act SEC. 10 What conclusion can be drawn from this excerpt? C. The federal government maintained some power over Native American land.
History Flashcards

World History FLVS 02.01 Medieval Hierarchy

All of the following represent innovations in land use in the Middle Ages except the ownership by individuals of small farms
How might a second-born son hope to achieve success under the system of primogeniture? He could seek training to become a knight in the military.
Which of the following describes the rights and legal standing of a European villein? They worked the land on behalf of their lord but did not receive wages.
Why did earlier historians consider the Medieval Period the “Dark Ages”? A limited amount of written records survived to shine light on this time period.
Which of the following individuals would likely have had the most education in the medieval society? A nun
Which of the following individuals would likely have had the least power in the medieval hierarchy? The wife of a villein
History Flashcards

American History Chapter 9 Guided Readings

Social welfare reform movement People/Groups involved: YMCA, Salvation Army, and Florence KelleySuccesses: Built libraries, sponsored classes, built swimming pools and hand ball courts. Fed poor people in soup kitchens. Illinois Factory Act in 1893.
Moral reform movement People/Groups involved: Women’s Christian Temperance Union (WCTU), Carry Nation, Frances Willard, and Anti-Saloon League.Successes: Sought to close saloons to cure society’s problems.
Economic reform movement People/Groups involved: American Socialist Party, Ida M. Tarbell, Eugene V. Debs.Successes: Exposed corruption in industry.
Movement for industrial efficiency People/Groups involved: Louis D. Brandeis, Frederick Winslow Taylor, and Henry Ford.Successes: Assembly line, better wages.
Movement to protect workers People/Groups involved: National Child Labor Committee, Muller v. Oregon, and Bunting v. Oregon.Successes: Laws about who could work and workman’s comp.
Movement to reform local government People/Groups involved: Tom Johnson and Hazen PingreeSuccesses: property tax, lower fares for public transportation, public utility.
State reform of big business People/Groups involved: Robert M. La Follette, Charles B. Aycock, James S. Hogg.Successes: Laws relating to the railroads.
Movement for election reform People/Groups involved: William S. U’ren Successes: Initiative–> referendum–> recall; 17th amendment; secret ballot
Job types for lower class women domestic, farm, factory
Job types for middle and upper class women white collar jobs, office, schools
Job types for African American women factor and farm
Job types for immigrants domestic, labor, factory, take in borders, farm, piece work
How did educational opportunities for middle- and upper-class women change? They had a higher chance of getting into colleges. Also, the only alternative for women was no longer marriage, the majority sought higher education. Many women went to school and applied their skills to social reforms.
How did these new opportunities affect the lives of middle- and upper-class women. Women applied their skills to social reforms. Also, some women who were college educated never married and kept their independence.
What 3 strategies were adopted by the suffragists to win the vote? 1.) Try to convince state legislatures to grant women the right to vote.2.) Women pursued court cases to test the 14 amendment.3.) Women pushed for a national constitutional amendment to grant women the right to vote.
What did each strategy produce? 1.) Women were granted voting rights.2.) Congress ruled that women were citizens but denied that being a citizen automatically gave you the right to vote.3.) Elizabeth Cady Stanton managed to have the amendment introduced in CA, but it was later killed.
1902 coal strike Steps Roosevelt took: threatened to take over mines and negotiate arbitration committee.Legislation: Arbitration Committee
Trusts Steps Roosevelt took: filed 44 suits under the Sherman Antitrust Act.Legislation: Sherman Antitrust Act
Unregulated big business Steps Roosevelt took: forced the great railroad combination in the NW to break apart and focused on bringing big business under stronger regulation.Legislation: Elkin’s Act; Interstate Commerce Act; Hepburn Act
Dangerous foods and medicines Steps Roosevelt took: appointed a commission of experts to investigate the meatpacking industry.Legislation: Meat Inspection Act; Pure Food and Drug Act
Shrinking wilderness and natural resources Steps Roosevelt took: created the Forest Service, promoted conservation.Legislature: National Reclamation Act; Newlands Act
Racial discrimination Steps Roosevelt took: Allowed black units to be formed during the war. Legislation: none
Why did they support or oppose Taft? Progressives: The Payne-Aldrich Tariff opposed conservation, supported J. Cannon.Conservatives: Supported Taft, opposed progression, higher tariff.
What party did they form or stay with? Progressives: Bull Moose Party and ProgressivesConservatives: Republicans
Who did they run for President? Progressives: Theodore RooseveltRepublicans: William Howard TaftDemocrats: Woodrow WilsonSocialist: Eugene V. Debs
What was their candidate’s position on big business? Progressive: supported government action to supervise big business, but didn’t oppose all big business monopolies.Republicans: favored business but worked to break up trusts.Democrats: supported small business & free market competition; thought that all big business monopolies were evil.Socialist: felt big business was evil and that the solution involved doing away with capitalism and distributing wealth more equally among the people.
Federal Trade Act to prohibit unfair methods, acts, and practices
Clayton Antitrust Act establish regulations about what business could and could not do and to strengthen the Sherman Antitrust Act
Underwood Tariff reduced levies on manufactured goods and to eliminate duties on most raw materials
16th Amendment let Congress put a tax on the money people made
Federal Reserve Act to prevent another run on the banks by allowing the Fed. to print money out of nothing and to give the bankers political power internationally.
Which 3 new developments finally brought the success of the woman suffrage movement within reach? The National Women’s Trade Union League is established; Alice Paul and Lucy Burns form the Congressional Union; and the federal woman suffrage amendment was passed.
Which constitutional amendment recognized women’s right to vote? 19th amendment
How did Wilson retreat on civil rights? During his campaign he won the support of the white liberals and black intellectuals of the NAACP by promising to treat blacks equally and address lynching. Once he was in office he opposed a federal anti-lynching legislation, and some places went back to being segregated.
History Flashcards

US History Chapter 18

Queen Liluokalani Queen of Hawaii who was forced to give up her throne because of American business interests
United States Imperalism belief that the U.S. should take economic, political and military control power over weaker countries
Alfred T. Mahan U.S. admiral who supported the growth of the U.S. Navy and colonies overseas
William Seward Secretary of State who purchased Alaska from Russia for $7.2 million
Pearl Harbor U.S. naval bases built in Hawaii
Jose Marti Cuban poet and journalist who led a rebellion for independence from Spain
Valeriano Weyler general sent from Spain to Cuba to restore order
yellow journalism exaggeration of the news to make it more exciting
de Lome letter letter written by a Spanish diplomat criticizing President McKinley as being weak
U.S.S. Maine American warship in Cuba that was believed to have been exploded by Spain
George Dewey American naval commander who led the attack on the Phillipines
Rough Riders fighting unit led by Theodore Roosevelt in Cuba
San Juan Hill location where the Spanish surrendered to the U.S. in Cuba
Treaty of Paris (1898) treaty that ended the Spanish American War
Foraker Act law that ended military rule and set up a civil government in Puerto Rico
Platt Amendment amendment in the Cuban constitution that gave the U.S. special privileges
Protectorate a country that is partly controlled by a stronger country
Emilio Aguinaldo Filipino rebel who led a revolt against the U.S.
John Hay US Secretary of state who sent the Open Door notes
Open Door notes message sent by John Hay calling for China’s ports to remain open and for China to remain independent in order to protect US trading rights
Boxer Rebellion Chinese rebellion against Western influence
Panama Canal channel across Central America connecting the Atlantic and the Pacific Oceans
Roosevelt Corollary Roosevelt’s extension to the Monroe Doctrine that stated that the US has the right to protect its economic interests in Latin America
dollar diplomacy policy of intervening in other countries to protect U.S. business interests
Francisco “Pancho” Villa Mexican revolutionary that led a rebellion against Carranza, new leader of Mexico, and his followers also killed American troops
Emiliano Zapata Mexican rebel, led a peasant revolt, understood the misery of peasant villagers
John J. Pershing general sent by President Wilson to capture Pancho Villa
Anti-Imperialist League group of antiimperialists that advocated for isolationism, thought it was wrong for the U.S. to rule other people without their consent
The Spanish American War caused the United States to be recognized as a world power
History Flashcards

History Chapter 2

Religious dissension in England the first half of the seventeenth century resulted in: a civil war.
When comparing English colonies to Spanish ones: England sent more people to the Americas in the seventeenth century.
For Native Americans along the Atlantic Coast, disease and: environmental factors dramatically altered their way of life.
In regards to geography, English colonies: were in colder climates when compared to Spanish colonies.
The Virginia Company can be called a failure primarily because: it ultimately did not make money.
When comparing the Chesapeake colonies to the New England settlements: here were more indentured servants in the Chesapeake region.
Who was most likely to build the best relationships with the Native Americans? Puritans
The separation of church and state in Massachusetts during the seventeenth century: is similar to the way the government is conducted in today’s United States.
______ describes best the actions of the Puritan leaders in Massachusetts Bay. Intolerant
Anne Hutchinson’s trial demonstrated that: church elders lacked tolerance.
The key to more economic equality in New England when compared to the Chesapeake colonies was that New England had more: landowners.
As the sixteenth century progressed in New England, the growing commerce: brought into conflict religious and economic values.
The Half-Way Covenant of 1662 addressed: generational conflicts.
At the heart of the English Civil War was: whether Puritans should separate from the Church of England.
Who would most admire today’s America with its constitutional protections of equal rights for all? Levellers
In 1607, the colonists who sailed to Jamestown on three small ships: chose an inland site partly to avoid the possibility of attack by Spanish warships
The 104 settlers who remained in Virginia after the ships that brought them from England returned home: were all men, reflecting the Virginia Company’s interest in searching for gold as opposed to building a functioning society.
Which one of the following lists these colonies in the proper chronological order by the dates they were founded, from the earliest to the latest? Jamestown, Plymouth, Massachusetts Bay, Rhode Island
Why did King Henry VIII break from the Catholic Church? He wanted a divorce, and the Pope refused to grant it.
Which one of the following statements is true of Queen Mary of England, who reigned from 1553 to 1558? She temporarily restored Catholicism as the state religion of England.
Why did Sir Humphrey Gilbert and Sir Walter Raleigh fail in their attempts to colonize the New World? The government provided insufficient financial support.
During the reign of __________, the English government turned its attention to North America by granting charters to Humphrey Gilbert and Walter Raleigh for the establishment of colonies there. Elizabeth I
Just as the reconquest of Spain from the Moors established patterns that would be repeated in Spanish New World colonization, the methods used in which one of the following countries anticipated policies England would undertake in America? Ireland
Why did England consider Spain its enemy by the late 1500s? Because of religious differences: England had officially broken with the Roman Catholic Church, while Spain was devoutly Catholic.
How did Richard Hakluyt explain his claim that there was a connection between freedom and colonization? English colonization would save the New World from Spanish tyranny.
All of the following contributed to the English social crisis of the late sixteenth century EXCEPT: a lower birth rate, which made it difficult to find workers for new industries.
As a result of British landowners evicting peasants from their lands in the sixteenth and seventeenth centuries: efforts were made to persuade or even force those who had been evicted to settle in the New World, thereby easing the British population crisis.
Which one of the following is true of poverty in seventeenth-century Great Britain? About half of the population lived at or below the poverty line by the end of the seventeenth century.
In Great Britain, the idea of working for wages: was associated with servility and the loss of liberty.
What did English settlers in North America believe was the basis of liberty? land
History Flashcards

History 146 – T

When comparing English colonies to Spanish ones: England sent more people to the Americas in the 17th century.
Over the course of the eighteenth century in the colonial America, the: Rich became richer
When the Virginia house of burgess decreased that religious conversation did not release a slave from bondage: It meant that under the Virginia law, Christians can own other Christians.
How did John Locke reconcile his belief in natural rights and his support for slavery? He believed that the free individual …. was portraid white.
Which major event first led the British government to seek ways to make the colonies bear part of the cost of the empire? The seven years war
What contribution did the Stamp Act episode make to the colonists concept of liberty? The Stamp Act congress insisted that the right to consent
In the declaration of independence, Jefferson’s biggest influence with regard to natural rights come from? John Locke
What was the important legacy of the Declaration of Independence? Inspired future revolutions against despotite governments.
What does republicanism mean? Why was America a republic and not a democracy?
Which of the following people would have been most likely a supporter of the Articles of Confederation? An indebted farmer in Western Massachusetts
What significant issue did the Missouri Compromise aim to resolve? The extension of slavery
What triggered a panic in 1837?
Utopian communities were unlikely to attract much support because most Americans: Saw property ownership as key to economic independence, but nearly all the utopian communities insisted members give up their property.
Which of the following does NOT describe those who attended the Constitutional Convention? Most had earned their wealth after rising from humble origins
Which of the following is true of the constitution of 1787 and slavery? Although never using the word “slavery” the document protected several aspects of the institution.
When looking at today’s United States economically, whos visions and ideas have become the most realized ? Alexander Hamilton’s ideas on government subsides for business.
Which of the following contributed to the poor American performance in the War of 1812? The nation was deeply divided about whether to go to war.
Why did abolitionism’s focus move from a more gradual approach to calling for the immediate approach of ending slavery? Slavery was growing in the Deep South, so a different approach was needed.
In his speech about the Fourth of July, how did Frederick Douglass critique the founding of the United States. The Declaration of Independence was a good starting point for Principles of freedom
Why could William Lloyd Garrison be seen as a more radical abolitionist than Frederick Douglass? Garrison saw the Constitution as evil.
What was the purpose of the bloomer? It was the functional clothing that made work less restrictive.
Why was the extension of slavery significant politically? Both the North and the South wanted to control the Senate.
Why did slavery become more central to American Politics in the 1840s? Territorial expansion raised the question of whether new lands should be free or slave.
What was ironic about the Fugitive Slave Act? The South promoted states’ rights, but with this law agreed to strong federal action.
Monitor and Merrimac were: Ironclad ships
Lincoln’s vision during the Civil War
History Flashcards

History Chapter 11

Frederick Douglass argued that: slaves were truer to the principles of the Declaration of Independence than were most white Americans
The U.S. slave population by 1860 was approximately 4 million
Which of the following was NOT true of the South and slavery in nineteenth-century America In the South as a whole, slaves made up only 10 percent of the population
In the nineteenth century, what product was the world’s major crop produced by slave labor? cotton
Approximately how much of the world’s cotton supply came from the southern United States? 75 percent
The internal slave trade in the United States involved the movement of hundreds of thousands of enslaved persons from: older states like Virginia to the Lower South
What economic effect did southern slavery have on the North? Southern slavery helped finance industrialization and internal improvements in the North.
The term “Lords of the Loom” refers to: early New England factory owners
Which of the following is a true statement relative to the Upper South and the Deep South? Several Upper South states did not join the Confederacy at the time of the Civil War.
Which of the following was NOT true of the South and its economy in the period from 1800 to 1860? The South produced nearly two-fifths of the nation’s manufactured goods, especially cotton textiles.
In 1860, what percentage of southern white families were in the slaveowning class? 25 percent
Southern farmers in the backcountry generally worked the land using family labor.
The relationship between rich southern planters and poor southern farmers benefited in part from a sense of unity bred by criticism from outsiders.
Andrew Johnson of Tennessee and Joseph Brown of Georgia rose to political power: in the 1850s, as members of the small but influential southern Republican Party.
In 1850, a majority of southern slaveholders owned how many slaves? 1 to 5
To qualify as a member of the planter class, a person had to be engaged in southern agriculture and: own at least twenty slaves
From 1840 to 1860, the price of a “prime field hand rose about 80 percent, which made it harder for southern whites to enter the slaveholding class.
What event is credited with helping to ingrain the paternalist ethos more deeply into the lives of southern slaveholders? the closing of the African slave trade
In the South, the paternalist ethos reflected the hierarchical society in which the planter took responsibility for the lives of those around him.
What did the Reverend Charles C. Jones of Georgia NOT do? urge an end to slavery
By the late 1830s, the South’s proslavery argument: claimed that slavery was essential to human economic and cultural progress.
Who said that the language in the Declaration of Independence—that all men were created equal and entitled to liberty—was “the most false and dangerous of all political errors”? John C. Calhoun
The end of slavery in most Latin American nations involved gradual emancipation accompanied by recognition of owners’ legal rights to slave property
Defenders of American slavery claimed that British emancipation in the 1830s had been a failure because the freed slaves grew less sugar cane, which hurt the economy of the Caribbean
John C. Calhoun and George Fitzhugh agreed that slavery was not a necessary evil but something actually positive and good.
Which of the following statements about slavery and the law is true? Slaves accused of serious crimes were entitled to their day in court, although they faced all-white judges and juries.
Celia was: a slave tried for killing her master while resisting a sexual assault.
Why did southern slaves live in better conditions by the mid-nineteenth century than those in the Caribbean and South America? The rising value of slaves made it profitable for slaveowners to take better care of them.
In an 1840 letter written from Canada, fugitive slave Joseph Taper asked for divine blessings upon: Queen Victoria
Bennet Barrow’s advice to slaveowners on slave discipline (based on rules for slaves at his Highland Plantation in Louisiana) included all of the following EXCEPT: Allow slaves to grow some of their own food to cut down on costs.
Free blacks in the South were allowed to: own property
What was the name of the vibrant community of former slaves freed by Virginian Richard Randolph Israel Hill
Free blacks in the United States: sometimes became wealthy enough to own slaves
of the following statements are true of the work done by southern slaves EXCEPT: slaves worked exclusively as agricultural field hands and house servants.
On the plantation, the white employee in charge of ensuring a profitable crop for the plantation master was called the: overseer.
Task labor allowed slaves to take on daily jobs, set their own pace, and work on their own when they were done.
Urban slaves: most often were domestic servants.
The plantation masters had many means to maintain order among their slaves. According to the text, what was the most powerful weapon the plantation masters had? the threat of sale
Slave families were more common in the West Indies, where living conditions favored their formation and survival
Jumping over a broomstick was a ceremony celebrating a slave marriage
Gender roles under slavery differed from those of white society because men and women alike suffered a sense of powerlessness
Slave religion combined African traditions and Christian beliefs
Which of the following statements about religious life among African-Americans in southern cities is true? Urban free blacks sometimes formed their own churches
Which of the following stories did NOT play a central role in black Christianity Noah and the ark
The Brer Rabbit stories of slave folklore celebrated how the weak could outsmart the more powerful.
Compared to slave revolts in Brazil and in the West Indies, slave revolts in the United States were: smaller in scale and less frequent
“Silent sabotage” can be defined as when slaves did poor work and broke tools
Fugitive slaves generally understood that the North Star led to freedom
Historians estimate that approximately ____________ slaves per year escaped to the North or Canada. 1,000
Harriet Tubman was a fugitive slave who risked her life many times to bring others out of slavery.
Denmark Vesey’s conspiracy reflected a combination of American and African influences.
Joseph Cinqué led a slave rebellion: aboard the Amistad.
Which statement about Nat Turner’s Rebellion is true? Many southern whites were in a panic after the rebellion
After an 1831 slave rebellion, which state’s legislature debated, but did not approve, a plan for gradual emancipation of slaves in that state Virginia
History Flashcards

Art History 101 Final – Multiple Choice – Ch. 8 & 9

Which of the following attributes of Christ did Christians adapt from Roman imperial iconography? a. halob. purple robec. sheepd. bearded face of a mature adult (example?) b. purple robe
Which of the following is a basilica? a. Santa Costanza b. Old St. Peter’s c. Sts. Peter and Marcellinus d. San Vitale b. Old St. Peter’s
Which feature identifies St. Mark’s as a Byzantine building? a. dome on a centralized building b. elaborate narthex c. insertion of a triple apse d. none of the above a. dome on a centralized building
The medium of The Harbaville Triptych is: a. carved ivory b. fresco secco c. marble d. mosaic a. carved ivory
The dome of the Hagia Sophia is supported by ____. a. squinches b. pendentives c. vaults d. beams b. pendentives
The medium used for the icon of the Virgin (Theotokos) and Child between Saints Theodore and George is which of the following? a. Encaustic b. Oil on panel c. Mosaic d. Fresco a. Encaustic
____ remained the Byzantine foothold in Italy for two centuries. a. Naples b. Florence c. Venice d. Ravenna d. Ravenna
The monastic movement began in ____ in the third century. a. Egypt b. Syria c. Rome d. Constantinople a. Egypt
Which of the following reasons likely persuaded Emperor Leo III to initiate iconoclasm? a. The loss of almost two-thirds of Byzantine territory b. To prepare for a visit from the Latin pope c. The creation of images was too expensive d. To commemorate his conversion to Islam c. The creation of images was too expensive
Whose relics were obtained from Egypt for Venice? a. Saint Matthew b. Saint Mark c. Saint Luke d. Saint John b. Saint Mark
Which event in Byzantine history accounts for the loss of art? a. The Ottoman Turks invasion of Constantinople b. The Second Crusade c. The Iconoclasm d. The Seljuk Turks capture of Anatolia c. The Iconoclasm
Which Byzantine emperor was responsible for St. Catherine’s monastery in Sinai?a. Justinian Ib. Basilc. Theodosius d. Constantine a. Justinian I
What is the earliest datable period for Christian art? a. Fifth century CE b. First century CE c. Mid-third century CE d. Sixth century CE c. Mid-third century CE
3n the sarcophagus of Junius Bassus, a pagan who converted to Christianity, the sculptors illustrated scenes from the life of Christ. Which of the following represents the allusion to the crucifixion? a. Entry into Jerusalem b. Christ before Pilate c. Christ between Saints Peter and Paul d. Christ enthroned b. Christ before Pilate
What was the entrance porch of Old Saint Peter’s in Rome called? a. Atrium b. Narthex c. Nave d. Bema b. Narthex
Christians honored ____ as a prefiguration of Christ, making him a popular subject in early Christian art. a. Moses b. Jonah c. King David d. the prophet Jeremiah b. Jonah
The invention that greatly aided in the distribution of manuscripts during the Early Roman Empire was the ____. a. Column of Trajan b. codex c. triumphal arch d. diptych b. codex
What was the significance of the site of Old St. Peter’s? a. it was centrally located in Romeb. it was the site of early Christian martyrdomc. it was the location of Peter’s martyrdom d. it was where the relics of St. Peter were buried c. it was the location of Peter’s martyrdom