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Art History – Chapter 24

Throughout history, artists have regularly served political ends by using their art to make visual statements. Which of the following artists has created an overtly political statement with his/her work? Dorothea Lange
Which of the following artists created large-scale, kinetic sculptures? Alexander Calder
What message did Vera Mukhina convey in her work entitled The Worker and the Collective Farm Worker? She glorified the communal labor of the Soviet people
Which of the following artists developed the theory of neoplasticism or the new pure plastic art? Mondrian
Which of the following artists created a modern American art style combining Synthetic Cubism with jazz tempos and his perception of the fast-paced American culture? Stuart Davis
What style is described as compositions of shapes and forms abstracted from the conventionally conceived world Cubism
The Champs de Mars or The Red Tower by Robert Delaunay depicts which of the following structures? Eiffel Tower
Which of the following is executed in the Synthetic Cubist style? Still-Life with Chair-Caning
What message is portrayed in Edward Hopper’s Nighthawks? the pervasive loneliness of modern humans
Thomas Hart Benton, a Regionalist artist, focused his attention on which of the following subjects? the social history of Missouri
Which of the following artists did not depict themes of war? Matisse
In the artist’s eyes, the Fate of the Animals was almost a premonition of which historical event? World War I
Which of the following works demonstrates the Futurists’ interest in motion? Dynamism of a Dog on a Leash
Which of the following artists was a Berlin Dadaist? Hannah Höch
Which of the following artists shared Stieglitz’s concern to position photography as an art form with the same fine-art status as painting and sculpture? Edward Weston
Who is the artist who created a work of art that can be described as “a wickedly funny gift”? Man Ray
Her work is often described as autobiographical because of her unflinching self-portrait portrayals. She gives the viewer a personal glimpse into herself and suffering. Which of the following artists does this describe? Frida Kahlo
Who is the artist who created a scathing visual commentary on the military with his Fit for Active Service? Grosz
Which of the Blaue Reiter artists found animals superior in beauty, strength, innocence, and naturalness? Franz Marc
Henry Moore’s great series of reclining nudes is said to have been inspired by __________. a pre-Columbian figure, the Chacmool
A nonobjective work refers to work that __________. has no reference to the external appearance of the physical world
Of the following, who is the best example of a twentieth-century artist who believed that art should delight, inspire, and enhance our lives as human beings? Matisse
The Chrysler Building by William van Alen has elements from which of the following styles? Art Deco
Which phrase best expresses the sculptural style of Boccioni? dynamic movement
The work of Ernst Kirchner shows __________. subjects drawn from the industrialized urban bourgeoisie
Who is the Surrealist? Salvador Dalí
The hovering figure that served as a memorial to those who died in World War I was created by __________. Ernst Barlach
A painting that was done in reaction to World War I was __________. Max Beckmann’s Night
Which of the following statements about Dada is true? Dada had no fixed ideas
Who photographed the rural poor displaced by the Great Depression in the 1930s? Dorothea Lange
Which one of the following statements is not true? Surrealism ignored the ideas of psychoanalysis put forth by Jung and Freud.
The goal of Dalí’s “paranoiac-critical” method was to __________. create images of inner reality and irrationality as concrete as the world of physical reality
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Medieval Test Art History

In the mid-10th century, the eastern part of the Carolingian empire was consolidated under the rule of the ____. Ottonians
Which group of barbarian invaders at one time controlled part of Italy and formed a kingdom in southern France, and were forced into Spain by the Franks? visigoths
The art of medieval monasteries in Ireland is described as ____. Hiberno-Saxon
The ____ was the most typical object of prestige adornments in the medieval period. fibula
In the later Middle Ages, religious books were created for the private devotions of the laity. They were based on readers used by the monks. These books contained prayers to be read at specific times during the day and were popularly known as ____. Book of the Hours
It has been said that the author-portrait of Saint Matthew from the Lindisfarne Gospels shows classical influences. What supports this statement? The figure is seated as a philosopher or poet reading or writing
What manuscript is commonly considered the greatest of the extant early medieval Irish books? book of kells
Equestrian statues were reminders of Rome’s glory. Charlemagne returned to Rome after his coronation with an equestrian statue of Theodoric. Which statue served as the ultimate model for such equestrian portraits? marcus aureilus in rome
Irish or Celtic stone crosses are identifiable by which of the following? a circle intersecting the cross arms (their size and scale)
Because of their large scale, ____ are the exceptions of artistic production in Ireland and northern England. high crosses
The epic ____ records that heroes were buried with items of prestige, such as rings and brooches, as a testament to their greatness. Beowulf
What was the primary vehicle used in the Christianization of the British Isles? liturgical books
___ were centrally important to the revival of learning during Charlemagne’s reign. books, especially illuminated manuscripts
The Great Mosque at Córdoba has a hypostyle prayer hall with horseshoe-shaped arches adapted from which of the following? Visigoths
In the tenth century, Caliph al-Hakam II undertook major renovations of the Great Mosque at Córdoba in imitation of his ____ predecessors in Jerusalem and Damascus. Umayyad
The term Roman-like was adopted to describe the architecture of the Romanesque period because it relied on elements of Roman architecture such as ____. barrel and groin vaults based on the round arch
___ was the economic system that was gradually replaced by the growth of towns and cities during the Romanesque period. feudalism
The primary motivation for undertaking a pilgrimage, which was extremely dangerous and could often last a year, was ____. repentance; seek curation of an illness
____ is the theft of relics for holy purposes. furta sacra
Pilgrims believed that relics could ____. heal the body and soul
Saint-Sernin at Toulouse has been called a “pilgrimage type” church. Which of the following accounts for this designation? It had radiating chapels attached to the transept and ambulatory; it was en route to the shrine in Western Europe
The purpose of tribunes such as those found at Saint James at Santiago de Compostela and Saint-Sernin in Toulouse was ____. housed the overflow crowds on special occasions; buttress the weight of vaults
In the Romanesque period, church interiors became impressive acoustical settings for church services. Which of the following architectural elements allowed for the excellent acoustics? the continuous barrel vaulted naves
The monks of the ____ order were among the primary patrons of Romanesque sculpture. Cluniac
The ____ is the covered courtyard in a monastery that expressed the seclusion of the spiritual life and offered a foretaste of paradise. cloister
The Cistercian monk who criticized the rich outfitting of non-Cistercian churches and sculptural adornments of monastic cloisters was ____. Bernard of Clairvaux
The ____ is the semi-circular area above the lintel of a Romanesque portal, and often depicted the vision of Christ’s second coming. Tympanum
___ is the church most closely associated with the crusades. La Madeleine, Vèzelay
The ____ were mass armed pilgrimages whose purpose was to take control of Christian monuments in the Holy Land. crusades
The mission of the ____, the earliest crusading knights, was to protect Christians visiting Christian shrines in the Holy Land. Knights of Templar
The use of ornamented initials such as the Initial R in the Moralia in Job can be traced back to the ____ period. Hiberno-Saxon period
____ church is one in which the aisles are approximately the same height as the nave. “Hall” (Hallerkirche)
____, in northern Spain, boasts more Romanesque murals than anywhere else in Europe. Catalonia
The intersection of two barrel vaults creates which of the following? groin vault
The Bayeux Tapestry is unique in Romanesque art. Which of the following supports this claim? It depicted an actual event in full detail shortly after it occurred; provides a pictoral narrative of the Norman conquest of Ghgland
The Bayeux Tapestry is the conqueror’s version of history. It is a narrative that includes the battle sequences as well as the preparations for war. It is said that this is the most Roman of all Romanesque artworks. Which of the following supports this contention? column of Trajan
Who of the following coined the term Gothic? Giorgio Vasari
In the Gothic period, the focus of intellectual and religious life shifted from monasteries to ____. cathedrals
Visible on Laon Cathedral, ____ became a standard feature of French Gothic facades. rose windows
The sculptural program of the west facade of Chartres Cathedral proclaims the power and majesty of Jesus Christ. Which of the following elements unites all three doorways of the west portal of Chartres Cathedral? the episodes from the life of Christ are carved on capitals
The tympanum from the right portal of Chartres depicts the Virgin and Child, which hearkens back to the Romanesque portrayals of this theme as the Throne of Wisdom. Which of the following is the source for this depiction? Bzynatine Theotokos
The portal sculptural program for Chartres Cathedral is distinctly different from its Romanesque counterparts. Which of the following accounts for this distinction? prominence of mary on the portal program
Paris claimed to be the intellectual center of Gothic Europe. Its university faculty and the reputations of its masons supported this claim. Which of the following also provided support for this claim? it was the center for fine book production
What pose developed by the “court style” was typical of Late Gothic sculpture? S shaped curve
The Gothic style is said to have first appeared in which of the following areas? burgundy
Many Gothic cathedrals were dedicated to which of the following? the Virgin Mary
What is a distinctive feature of a hall church? the side aisles are as tall as the nave
Which of these churches embodies the essential characteristics of English Gothic architecture? Salisbury Cathedral
The royal portal of Chartres was carved in which style? early gothic
The development of the Rayonnant style is connected with which of the following? the court of Louis IX
Introduced in French Gothic architecture at Notre Dame in Paris, ____ is an external support that counters the outward thrust of the nave vaults. flying butressss
The frontality, stiff poses, and lack of modeling as seen in Berlinghieri’s Saint Francis Altarpiece reveals the ____ roots of his style. fundamentally medieval
____ was the leading Roman painter at the end of the 13th century. Pietro Cavallini
Elements of Giotto’s new style that appear in the Madonna Enthroned include ____. naturalism & classical modeling figures
One of Giotto’s innovations that moved away from the Italo-Byzantine style was the introduction of ____. naturalism
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Ch. 23 US History

a postwar society driven by conflict In the political arena, reactionaries and rebels battled for control of:a.people who had been lied to about the warb.a postwar society driven by conflictc.the southern voted.the northern citiese.President Woodrow Wilson’s legacy
35 In 1920, what percentage of homes in America had electricity?a.60b.25c.35d.75e.50
slapstick comedy Charlie Chaplin is best associated with:a.politicsb.stand-up comedyc.muckraking journalismd.slapstick comedye.alternative comedy
Pittsburg, Pennsylvania The first radio station to begin broadcasting regularly scheduled programs was located in:a.Detroit, Michiganb.Pittsburg, Pennsylvaniac.New York, New Yorkd.Boston, Massachusettse.Cleveland, Ohio
World War I What event pushed the development of the airplane?a.the development of the carb.the defense industryc.advertising on the radiod.World War Ie.political pressure
Charles Lindbergh Who was once known as the “Lone Eagle”?a.W. E. B. Du Boisb.Woodrow Wilsonc.Henry Fordd.Marcus Garveye.Charles Lindbergh
8 million In 1920, how many cars were registered in the United States?a.4 millionb.10 millionc.6 milliond.11 millione.8 million
was the first woman to fly solo across the Atlantic Amelia Earhart:a.was the first aviator to fly around the worldb.was the first woman to fly solo across the Atlanticc.was the first pilot to fly solo across the Atlanticd.was the first woman elected to Congresse.was an advocate of Prohibition
Yankee Stadium The “House That Ruth Built” is known as:a.Wrigley Fieldb.Tiger Stadiumc.Yankee Stadiumd.Ebbets Fielde.Red Sox Field
automobile industry Which one of the following is associated with Detroit, Michigan?a.airplane industryb.entertainment industryc.socialismd.automobile industrye.farming
Negro Leagues What were the professional baseball leagues for African Americans called?a.Negro Leaguesb.Minor Leaguesc.Black Leaguesd.Inner City Leaguese.African American Leagues
boxing William Harrison “Jack” Dempsey is best associated with:a.footballb.boxingc.baseballd.radioe.horse racing
football Harold Edward “Red” Grange is best associated with:a.being a great leaderb.baseballc.footballd.being a Communiste.boxing
Eigtheenth Which amendment to the Constitution is known as the Prohibition amendment?a.Seventeenthb.Twentiethc.Eighteenthd.Twenty-firste.Nineteenth
1920 The amendment to the Constitution that barred the manufacture or sale of intoxicating liquors went into effect in:a.1911b.1928c.1920d.1932e.1922
Warren G. Harding The desire to restore traditional values and social stability in 1920 led voters to elect as president:a.Woodrow Wilsonb.Warren G. Hardingc.Calvin Coolidged.William Jennings Bryane.Theodore Roosevelt
F. Scott Fitzgerald Who celebrated the jazz era’s spontaneity and sensual vitality?a.Sherwood Andersonb.Upton Sinclairc.Countee Cullend.F. Scott Fitzgeralde.James Weldon Johnson
F. Scott Fitzgerald The Roaring Twenties was dubbed the “Jazz Age” by:a.Upton Sinclairb.Louis Armstrongc.Ernest Hemingwayd.F. Scott Fitzgeralde.Langston Hughes
modernist student life at Princeton The novel This Side of Paradise concerned:a.immigrant life in New York Cityb.the lax enforcement of Prohibitionc.modernist student life at Princetond.fundamentalist attacks on modernisme.the beginnings of Miami’s tourist industry
opportunities for young men and women to experiment sexually with each other Petting parties were:a.opportunities for young men and women to experiment sexually with each otherb.opportunities for young men and women to learn about proper treatment of dogs and catsc.opportunities to raise money for the American Society for the Prevention of Cruelty to Animalsd.visits to the zoo so young people could get away from their parentse.parents’ chance to teach their children proper morals
Victorian values All of the following could be associated with flappers EXCEPT:a.bobbed hairb.swearingc.Victorian valuesd.pettinge.smoking and drinking
a degenerating society Conservative moralists saw the flappers as just another sign of:a.progressb.a degenerating societyc.equalityd.the work of the devile.women’s rights
were never allowed to marry After encountering strong resistance, Mabel Puffer and Arthur Hazzard:a.were married in New Hampshireb.were married in New Yorkc.were married in Canadad.were never allowed to marrye.were really not engaged to be married
was called the Great Migration The movement of southern blacks to the North:a.was called the Great Migrationb.created the rise of the KKKc.saw many African Americans return to Africad.was so large that southern agriculture was interruptede.meant industry could no longer hire whites
Aframerican James Weldon Johnson coined the term:a.bootleggerb.Negroc.progressivismd.Aframericane.flapper
Langston Hughes Who wrote “fed up With Jim Crow laws, / People who are cruel And afraid, / Who lynch and run, / Who are scared of me And me of them”?a.Claude McKayb.Langston Hughesc.Jean Toomerd.W. E. B. Du Boise.DuBose Heyward
Albert Einstein In physics, the theory of relativity was developed and explained by:a.Albert Einsteinb.Werner Heisenbergc.Isaac Newtond.Sir Francis Bacone.Max Planck
blended several musical traditions Jazz:a.was a European innovation emerging from modern classical musicb.blended several musical traditionsc.was invented by Benny Goodmand.helped calm the fears of rural fundamentalistse.inspired rebellious youth to violence
was led by Marcus Garvey The Universal Negro Improvement Association:a.sponsored black artists and writersb.was led by Marcus Garveyc.promoted Booker T. Washington’s idea of racial peace through accommodationd.was the forerunner of the National Association for the Advancement of Colored People (NAACP)e.was conceived by W. E. B. Du Bois
said blacks should return to Africa Marcus Garvey:a.sought reconciliation with southern whitesb.said blacks should return to Africac.was a revered jazz saxophonistd.helped lead the suffragist movemente.was allied with W. E. B. Du Bois
He is “the most dangerous enemy of the Negro race….He is either a lunatic or a traitor” Which of the following did W.E.B. Du Bois say in his opposition to Marcus Garvey?a.”We have to rid ourselves of this viper.”b.”He will help only his friends and not the great mass of black people.”c.”He thinks that black people are only good enough to be plumbers.”d.”He believes himself to be the very second coming of Christ.”e.He is “the most dangerous enemy of the Negro race. . . . He is either a lunatic or a traitor.”
legal action against discrimination The NAACP emphasized:a.legal action against discriminationb.the formation of a black political partyc.vocational and technical educationd.Garvey’s concept of social and political separation of blackse.strictly black membership
described the frenetic, hard-drinking lifestyle and the cult of robust masculinity that Hemingway himself epitomized The novels of Ernest Hemingway:a.portrayed utopian communities in a socialist societyb.attacked the corruption of machine politics in the large citiesc.traced the philosophical connections between twentieth-century America and eighteenth-century Britaind.described the frenetic, hard-drinking lifestyle and the cult of robust masculinity that Hemingway himself epitomizede.documented “the greatest, gaudiest spree in history”
government-funded programs The 1920s “New Era” was created by advances in all of the following EXCEPT:a.communicationsb.business organizationc.transportationd.the spread of mass consumerisme.government-funded programs
1927 Charles A. Lindbergh Jr., a St. Louis-based mail pilot, made the first solo transatlantic flight, traveling from New York to Paris in:a.1927b.1920c.1928d.1929e.1926
large crowds of spectators Baseball, like football, tended to attract:a.large crowds of spectatorsb.lower-class spectatorsc.women spectatorsd.immigrant spectatorse.black spectators
Albert Einstein Who developed the theoretical basis for quantum physics?a.Albert Einsteinb.Werner Heisenbergc.Isaac Newtond.Sir Francis Bacone.Max Planck
Isaac Newton In physics, the theory that the fundamental concepts of space, time, matter, and energy are not distinct, independent things with stable dimensions was developed by:a.Albert Einsteinb.Max Planckc.Isaac Newtond.Sir Francis Bacone.Werner Heisenberg
the subconscious fascinated some people and scared other Modernists in art and literature came to believe that:a.nature’s reality can be captured in artb.human reason ruled all of naturec.science and art had no connectiond.art, in the end, had rules that should be obeyede.the subconscious fascinated some people and scared others
experimentalist poet Gertrude Stein was a(n):a.disc jockeyb.freedom fighter in World War Ic.Dada artistd.member of Congresse.experimentalist poet
the rise of modernism in the arts The horrors of World War I accelerated:a.the need to rearmb.rebellion in the United Statesc.the formation of the United Nationsd.the rise of modernism in the artse.the birth of computers
was a controversial exhibition of modern art The Armory Show in 1913:a.was a controversial exhibition of modern artb.introduced many women to new clothing fashionsc.featured poetry readings by Ezra Pound and T. S. Eliotd.showed the continuing appeal of traditional valuese.led directly to woman suffrage
Edward Bellamy All of the following were prophets of modern art and literature EXCEPT:a.Ezra Poundb.T. S. Eliotc.Edward Bellamyd.Ernest Hemingwaye.Gertrude Stein
E.S. Eliot The Waste Land, a poem that became the favorite of many modernist readers because of its sense of disillusionment and its suggestion of a burned-out civilization, was written by:a.Franz Boasb.Gertrude Steinc.T. S. Eliotd.E. E. Cummingse.Ezra Pound
“real” life punctuated by the doomed, war-tainted love affairs of young Americans Ernest Hemingway wrote of:a.rational people dedicated to traditional valuesb.”real” life punctuated by the doomed, war-tainted love affairs of young Americansc.patriotic fervor among the American expatriate writers in Parisd.masculinity and a desperate search for lifee.hope and happiness in America’s heartland
painfully autobiographical Fitzgerald’s stories during the 1920s were:a.written for Hollywoodb.nonfictionc.painfully autobiographicald.about sciencee.not discovered until the 1960s
his first novel Hemingway used the phrase “lost generation” as the epigraph in:a.A Farewell to Arms (1929)b.Three Lives (1909)c.This Side of Paradise (1920)d.his first novele.The Waste Land (1922)
Gertrude Stein Who, in 1921, told Hemingway that he and his friends who had served in the war “are a lost generation?”a.Gertrude Steinb.Franz Boasc.Ezra Poundd.Ernest Hemingwaye.T. S. Eliot
Margaret Sanger Who was the New York nurse and midwife in the working-class tenements of Manhattan who observed many young mothers struggling to provide for their growing families?a.Gertrude Steinb.Amelia Earhartc.T. S. Eliotd.Ernest Hemingwaye.Margaret Sanger
Guinn v. United States(1915) Which court case or legal action brought the Fourteenth and Fifteenth Amendments back to life?a.Abrams v. United States (1918)b.Plessy v. Ferguson (1896)c.Schenck v. United States (1917)d.Guinn v. United States (1915)e.Buchanan v. Worley (1917)
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Chapter 3 US History

The intention of the Navigation Acts was to Allow england to minopilize american trade
By the end of the seventeenth century, Virginia could best be described as a plantation society, dominated by a slave holding aristocracy
The sources of the which craft hysteria in Salem Are not known exactly
Of the estimated 11 million African slaves carried to America, the great majority were sent to Brazil and the Caribbean
During the Salem witchcraft hysteria, Increase Mather and other leading Congregational ministers urged restraint and caution
By 1700, the population of New England had reached ____ people. 120,000
The eighteenth – century population of the lowlands of South Carolina was _____ percent black 60
During the colonial period, the bulk of the slaves sent to the North American colonies were supplied by the British
By the late 1600s, the gap between rich and poor in white Chesapeake society steadily widened
British authorities based their colonial commercial policies on the theory of Mercantilism
The most important reason for the difference between the New England and the Chesapeake colonies was the much higher mortality rate of the Chesapeake colony
Enumerated Goods could be sold only to the mother country
Which of the following was not a possible cause of the Salem which craft hysteria Salem’s history of engaging in occult practices
The greatest rebellion of native Americans in New England in 1675 was known as King Phillips war
The explanation for the tremendous population growth of seventeenth century New England can be found in the long lives of New England settlers
The hand way covenant of 17th century new England Lessened, somewhat the requirements for baptism as a Congregationalists
The central figure of the glorious revolution in New York was Jacob Leisler
The glorious revolution in Maryland was strongly influenced by Pent-up anti-proprietary and anti-Catholic sentiment
The navigation acts established the principle that certain American products could be sold only in England, only English or colonial merchants could engage in colonial trade All foreign goods that were sold in England had to be shipped in England
The character of the first settlements in the new world Differed substantially from colony to colony from the very beginning of colonization
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Art History 101 Final – Multiple Choice – Ch. 8 & 9

Which of the following attributes of Christ did Christians adapt from Roman imperial iconography? a. halob. purple robec. sheepd. bearded face of a mature adult (example?) b. purple robe
Which of the following is a basilica? a. Santa Costanza b. Old St. Peter’s c. Sts. Peter and Marcellinus d. San Vitale b. Old St. Peter’s
Which feature identifies St. Mark’s as a Byzantine building? a. dome on a centralized building b. elaborate narthex c. insertion of a triple apse d. none of the above a. dome on a centralized building
The medium of The Harbaville Triptych is: a. carved ivory b. fresco secco c. marble d. mosaic a. carved ivory
The dome of the Hagia Sophia is supported by ____. a. squinches b. pendentives c. vaults d. beams b. pendentives
The medium used for the icon of the Virgin (Theotokos) and Child between Saints Theodore and George is which of the following? a. Encaustic b. Oil on panel c. Mosaic d. Fresco a. Encaustic
____ remained the Byzantine foothold in Italy for two centuries. a. Naples b. Florence c. Venice d. Ravenna d. Ravenna
The monastic movement began in ____ in the third century. a. Egypt b. Syria c. Rome d. Constantinople a. Egypt
Which of the following reasons likely persuaded Emperor Leo III to initiate iconoclasm? a. The loss of almost two-thirds of Byzantine territory b. To prepare for a visit from the Latin pope c. The creation of images was too expensive d. To commemorate his conversion to Islam c. The creation of images was too expensive
Whose relics were obtained from Egypt for Venice? a. Saint Matthew b. Saint Mark c. Saint Luke d. Saint John b. Saint Mark
Which event in Byzantine history accounts for the loss of art? a. The Ottoman Turks invasion of Constantinople b. The Second Crusade c. The Iconoclasm d. The Seljuk Turks capture of Anatolia c. The Iconoclasm
Which Byzantine emperor was responsible for St. Catherine’s monastery in Sinai?a. Justinian Ib. Basilc. Theodosius d. Constantine a. Justinian I
What is the earliest datable period for Christian art? a. Fifth century CE b. First century CE c. Mid-third century CE d. Sixth century CE c. Mid-third century CE
3n the sarcophagus of Junius Bassus, a pagan who converted to Christianity, the sculptors illustrated scenes from the life of Christ. Which of the following represents the allusion to the crucifixion? a. Entry into Jerusalem b. Christ before Pilate c. Christ between Saints Peter and Paul d. Christ enthroned b. Christ before Pilate
What was the entrance porch of Old Saint Peter’s in Rome called? a. Atrium b. Narthex c. Nave d. Bema b. Narthex
Christians honored ____ as a prefiguration of Christ, making him a popular subject in early Christian art. a. Moses b. Jonah c. King David d. the prophet Jeremiah b. Jonah
The invention that greatly aided in the distribution of manuscripts during the Early Roman Empire was the ____. a. Column of Trajan b. codex c. triumphal arch d. diptych b. codex
What was the significance of the site of Old St. Peter’s? a. it was centrally located in Romeb. it was the site of early Christian martyrdomc. it was the location of Peter’s martyrdom d. it was where the relics of St. Peter were buried c. it was the location of Peter’s martyrdom
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History 146 – T

When comparing English colonies to Spanish ones: England sent more people to the Americas in the 17th century.
Over the course of the eighteenth century in the colonial America, the: Rich became richer
When the Virginia house of burgess decreased that religious conversation did not release a slave from bondage: It meant that under the Virginia law, Christians can own other Christians.
How did John Locke reconcile his belief in natural rights and his support for slavery? He believed that the free individual …. was portraid white.
Which major event first led the British government to seek ways to make the colonies bear part of the cost of the empire? The seven years war
What contribution did the Stamp Act episode make to the colonists concept of liberty? The Stamp Act congress insisted that the right to consent
In the declaration of independence, Jefferson’s biggest influence with regard to natural rights come from? John Locke
What was the important legacy of the Declaration of Independence? Inspired future revolutions against despotite governments.
What does republicanism mean? Why was America a republic and not a democracy?
Which of the following people would have been most likely a supporter of the Articles of Confederation? An indebted farmer in Western Massachusetts
What significant issue did the Missouri Compromise aim to resolve? The extension of slavery
What triggered a panic in 1837?
Utopian communities were unlikely to attract much support because most Americans: Saw property ownership as key to economic independence, but nearly all the utopian communities insisted members give up their property.
Which of the following does NOT describe those who attended the Constitutional Convention? Most had earned their wealth after rising from humble origins
Which of the following is true of the constitution of 1787 and slavery? Although never using the word “slavery” the document protected several aspects of the institution.
When looking at today’s United States economically, whos visions and ideas have become the most realized ? Alexander Hamilton’s ideas on government subsides for business.
Which of the following contributed to the poor American performance in the War of 1812? The nation was deeply divided about whether to go to war.
Why did abolitionism’s focus move from a more gradual approach to calling for the immediate approach of ending slavery? Slavery was growing in the Deep South, so a different approach was needed.
In his speech about the Fourth of July, how did Frederick Douglass critique the founding of the United States. The Declaration of Independence was a good starting point for Principles of freedom
Why could William Lloyd Garrison be seen as a more radical abolitionist than Frederick Douglass? Garrison saw the Constitution as evil.
What was the purpose of the bloomer? It was the functional clothing that made work less restrictive.
Why was the extension of slavery significant politically? Both the North and the South wanted to control the Senate.
Why did slavery become more central to American Politics in the 1840s? Territorial expansion raised the question of whether new lands should be free or slave.
What was ironic about the Fugitive Slave Act? The South promoted states’ rights, but with this law agreed to strong federal action.
Monitor and Merrimac were: Ironclad ships
Lincoln’s vision during the Civil War
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US History Chapter 18

Queen Liluokalani Queen of Hawaii who was forced to give up her throne because of American business interests
United States Imperalism belief that the U.S. should take economic, political and military control power over weaker countries
Alfred T. Mahan U.S. admiral who supported the growth of the U.S. Navy and colonies overseas
William Seward Secretary of State who purchased Alaska from Russia for $7.2 million
Pearl Harbor U.S. naval bases built in Hawaii
Jose Marti Cuban poet and journalist who led a rebellion for independence from Spain
Valeriano Weyler general sent from Spain to Cuba to restore order
yellow journalism exaggeration of the news to make it more exciting
de Lome letter letter written by a Spanish diplomat criticizing President McKinley as being weak
U.S.S. Maine American warship in Cuba that was believed to have been exploded by Spain
George Dewey American naval commander who led the attack on the Phillipines
Rough Riders fighting unit led by Theodore Roosevelt in Cuba
San Juan Hill location where the Spanish surrendered to the U.S. in Cuba
Treaty of Paris (1898) treaty that ended the Spanish American War
Foraker Act law that ended military rule and set up a civil government in Puerto Rico
Platt Amendment amendment in the Cuban constitution that gave the U.S. special privileges
Protectorate a country that is partly controlled by a stronger country
Emilio Aguinaldo Filipino rebel who led a revolt against the U.S.
John Hay US Secretary of state who sent the Open Door notes
Open Door notes message sent by John Hay calling for China’s ports to remain open and for China to remain independent in order to protect US trading rights
Boxer Rebellion Chinese rebellion against Western influence
Panama Canal channel across Central America connecting the Atlantic and the Pacific Oceans
Roosevelt Corollary Roosevelt’s extension to the Monroe Doctrine that stated that the US has the right to protect its economic interests in Latin America
dollar diplomacy policy of intervening in other countries to protect U.S. business interests
Francisco “Pancho” Villa Mexican revolutionary that led a rebellion against Carranza, new leader of Mexico, and his followers also killed American troops
Emiliano Zapata Mexican rebel, led a peasant revolt, understood the misery of peasant villagers
John J. Pershing general sent by President Wilson to capture Pancho Villa
Anti-Imperialist League group of antiimperialists that advocated for isolationism, thought it was wrong for the U.S. to rule other people without their consent
The Spanish American War caused the United States to be recognized as a world power
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American History Chapter 9 Guided Readings

Social welfare reform movement People/Groups involved: YMCA, Salvation Army, and Florence KelleySuccesses: Built libraries, sponsored classes, built swimming pools and hand ball courts. Fed poor people in soup kitchens. Illinois Factory Act in 1893.
Moral reform movement People/Groups involved: Women’s Christian Temperance Union (WCTU), Carry Nation, Frances Willard, and Anti-Saloon League.Successes: Sought to close saloons to cure society’s problems.
Economic reform movement People/Groups involved: American Socialist Party, Ida M. Tarbell, Eugene V. Debs.Successes: Exposed corruption in industry.
Movement for industrial efficiency People/Groups involved: Louis D. Brandeis, Frederick Winslow Taylor, and Henry Ford.Successes: Assembly line, better wages.
Movement to protect workers People/Groups involved: National Child Labor Committee, Muller v. Oregon, and Bunting v. Oregon.Successes: Laws about who could work and workman’s comp.
Movement to reform local government People/Groups involved: Tom Johnson and Hazen PingreeSuccesses: property tax, lower fares for public transportation, public utility.
State reform of big business People/Groups involved: Robert M. La Follette, Charles B. Aycock, James S. Hogg.Successes: Laws relating to the railroads.
Movement for election reform People/Groups involved: William S. U’ren Successes: Initiative–> referendum–> recall; 17th amendment; secret ballot
Job types for lower class women domestic, farm, factory
Job types for middle and upper class women white collar jobs, office, schools
Job types for African American women factor and farm
Job types for immigrants domestic, labor, factory, take in borders, farm, piece work
How did educational opportunities for middle- and upper-class women change? They had a higher chance of getting into colleges. Also, the only alternative for women was no longer marriage, the majority sought higher education. Many women went to school and applied their skills to social reforms.
How did these new opportunities affect the lives of middle- and upper-class women. Women applied their skills to social reforms. Also, some women who were college educated never married and kept their independence.
What 3 strategies were adopted by the suffragists to win the vote? 1.) Try to convince state legislatures to grant women the right to vote.2.) Women pursued court cases to test the 14 amendment.3.) Women pushed for a national constitutional amendment to grant women the right to vote.
What did each strategy produce? 1.) Women were granted voting rights.2.) Congress ruled that women were citizens but denied that being a citizen automatically gave you the right to vote.3.) Elizabeth Cady Stanton managed to have the amendment introduced in CA, but it was later killed.
1902 coal strike Steps Roosevelt took: threatened to take over mines and negotiate arbitration committee.Legislation: Arbitration Committee
Trusts Steps Roosevelt took: filed 44 suits under the Sherman Antitrust Act.Legislation: Sherman Antitrust Act
Unregulated big business Steps Roosevelt took: forced the great railroad combination in the NW to break apart and focused on bringing big business under stronger regulation.Legislation: Elkin’s Act; Interstate Commerce Act; Hepburn Act
Dangerous foods and medicines Steps Roosevelt took: appointed a commission of experts to investigate the meatpacking industry.Legislation: Meat Inspection Act; Pure Food and Drug Act
Shrinking wilderness and natural resources Steps Roosevelt took: created the Forest Service, promoted conservation.Legislature: National Reclamation Act; Newlands Act
Racial discrimination Steps Roosevelt took: Allowed black units to be formed during the war. Legislation: none
Why did they support or oppose Taft? Progressives: The Payne-Aldrich Tariff opposed conservation, supported J. Cannon.Conservatives: Supported Taft, opposed progression, higher tariff.
What party did they form or stay with? Progressives: Bull Moose Party and ProgressivesConservatives: Republicans
Who did they run for President? Progressives: Theodore RooseveltRepublicans: William Howard TaftDemocrats: Woodrow WilsonSocialist: Eugene V. Debs
What was their candidate’s position on big business? Progressive: supported government action to supervise big business, but didn’t oppose all big business monopolies.Republicans: favored business but worked to break up trusts.Democrats: supported small business & free market competition; thought that all big business monopolies were evil.Socialist: felt big business was evil and that the solution involved doing away with capitalism and distributing wealth more equally among the people.
Federal Trade Act to prohibit unfair methods, acts, and practices
Clayton Antitrust Act establish regulations about what business could and could not do and to strengthen the Sherman Antitrust Act
Underwood Tariff reduced levies on manufactured goods and to eliminate duties on most raw materials
16th Amendment let Congress put a tax on the money people made
Federal Reserve Act to prevent another run on the banks by allowing the Fed. to print money out of nothing and to give the bankers political power internationally.
Which 3 new developments finally brought the success of the woman suffrage movement within reach? The National Women’s Trade Union League is established; Alice Paul and Lucy Burns form the Congressional Union; and the federal woman suffrage amendment was passed.
Which constitutional amendment recognized women’s right to vote? 19th amendment
How did Wilson retreat on civil rights? During his campaign he won the support of the white liberals and black intellectuals of the NAACP by promising to treat blacks equally and address lynching. Once he was in office he opposed a federal anti-lynching legislation, and some places went back to being segregated.
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World History FLVS 02.01 Medieval Hierarchy

All of the following represent innovations in land use in the Middle Ages except the ownership by individuals of small farms
How might a second-born son hope to achieve success under the system of primogeniture? He could seek training to become a knight in the military.
Which of the following describes the rights and legal standing of a European villein? They worked the land on behalf of their lord but did not receive wages.
Why did earlier historians consider the Medieval Period the “Dark Ages”? A limited amount of written records survived to shine light on this time period.
Which of the following individuals would likely have had the most education in the medieval society? A nun
Which of the following individuals would likely have had the least power in the medieval hierarchy? The wife of a villein
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1.07 US History

Which government intervention would most likely cause problems for inhabitants of the region marked Indian territory A. Homestead act
Considering the map above what conclusions can be drawn about The native Americans journey to the reservation C. Some Native Americans traveled by boat at least part of the way
Which battle represents the Native Americans final attempt to resist the Armed Forces C. Battle of the wounded knee
Which One of the following would be another appropriate name for the Dawes act D. Native American assimilation act
What was the goal of the Dawes act B. Assimilate Native American into the dominant culture
How could the federal government have made the Dawes act more successful B. By making it illegal for Native Americans to sell their land to speculators
What can you predict about settlement patterns in this period of time A. The reservations will move westward
Native Americans were promised New lands in the west where they would be protected from land hungry homesteaders A. Pull factor in migration
What affect did the federal government desire from the implementation of the Dawes act C. Reduce their responsibility toprovide for Native American welfare
The excerpt below is from the Dawes act which was written in 1887 based on the passage in addition to the land what other benefits could Native American receive from the Dawes act A. U.S. Citizenship
Excerpt from the Dawes Act SEC. 10 What conclusion can be drawn from this excerpt? C. The federal government maintained some power over Native American land.