History Flashcards

Foreign Policy after the Cold War United States History B Unit 4 Lesson 5

why did President Bush send American troops to the Middle East? Iraq had invaded Kuwait, an American Ally
what was the goal of the United States in the Persian Gulf War? to drive the Iraqi troops from Kuwait back into Iraq
conservatives tend to favor which of the following? relying on private organizations and individuals to help those in need
conservatives gained power in the 1970s in part because many white Southerners change party Allegiance in response to the civil rights laws of the 1960s
to compensate for cutting taxes, President Reagan convinced Congress to cut spending on social programs
during his election campaign in 1988, George HW Bush promised not to raise taxes
The proposed “Star Wars” program involved putting weapons in space
Gorbachev pursued glasnost and perestroika reforms in part because the war in Afghanistan had drained the nation’s resources.
the Persian Gulf War in 1991 came about because the United States wanted to protect G and H against F
liberals tend to prefer which of the following in foreign policy? International cooperation
which of the following symbolized the end of Communism in Europe? the fall of the Berlin Wall
which of the following was believed to be a group at high risk for AIDS in the early 1980s? homosexual men
why do you think pinard sat down and wept after chipping pieces off the Berlin Wall? Explain what the wall meant to pinard and the people who gathered around him to clap
explain the assumptions behind the theory of supply-side economics, and describe the consequences of Reaganomics
History Flashcards

History Chapter 9

For a case to be heard in the Supreme Court, a minimum of how many justices must vote to hear the case? 4
If a judge believes that she should only strike down laws that clearly violate the Constitution, she likely believes in which of the following? judicial restraint
In 1869, Congress set the number of Supreme Court Justices at __________. 9
Proponents of which of the following believe that judges should use their power broadly to further justice? judicial activism
Cases generally begin at which level of the courts? Trial
Which of the following is within the original jurisdiction of the Supreme Court? cases involving two or more state governments
A(n) __________ brief provides legal rationale of an interest group in hopes of swaying the Supreme Court’s decision. amicus curiae
Which of the following can modify or reverse a decision of the Supreme Court? a constitutional amendment
A writ of __________ is a request submitted to the U.S. Supreme Court to review a lower court decision. certiorari
The authority to be the first court to hear a case is which type of jurisdiction? Original
How many tiers does the federal judiciary have? 3
Which term refers to an opinion written by a justice in the majority that outlines additional considerations he or she thinks are important? concurring
The __________ Act of 1789 established the basic three-tiered structure of the federal court system. Judiciary
Courts established by Congress for specialized purposes are known as __________ courts. legislative
The vast majority of all cases are tried in __________. state courts
The power of the courts to declare acts of Congress, actions of the federal executive, or laws that are enacted by any level of government to be unconstitutional is the power of: judicial review.
Which of the following is a trial court where most federal cases begin? District Court
The Counter-Majoritarian Difficulty refers to the awkwardness of the power of: unelected, life-tenured judges to strike down the acts of elected officials.
The method of judicial interpretation in which a judge applies the text of the law only as it is written is: original intent. WRONG
The method of judicial interpretation that believes the Constitution should be interpreted to reflect changes in society’s values and problems is known as: judicial activism.
According to Article III of the Constitution, __________ has/have the power to create inferior federal courts Congress
The conference of the U.S. Supreme Court is __________. limited to the justices themselves
Recent presidents have increased the __________ of the federal courts. diversity
Only a(n) __________ court can review the decisions of a lower court. appellate
The U.S. courts of appeals are divided into __________ numbered circuits and two unnumbered circuits. 11
According to Marbury v. Madison, which clause implies the right of the Supreme Court to exercise judicial review? the supremacy clause
Who presides over trials for presidential impeachment? the chief justice
In which federal courts are trials conducted? district courts
The Supreme Court provides a statement of the legal reasoning behind its decisions in written __________. Opinions
As illustrated in the video Texas v. Johnson, what happens during the oral arguments phase of a Supreme Court case? The nine justices question the lawyers representing both parties in the case.
According to the video Texas v. Johnson, which of the following is NOT a factor in the Supreme Court’s decision to hear a case? A majority of the nine justices must agree to hear a case.
The method of judicial interpretation that seeks to limit judicial power by deferring to the policy judgments of elected branches of government is: judicial restraint.
All federal judicial nominations are first referred to which of the following for a hearing? Senate Judiciary Committee
Who nominates judges to the U.S. district courts? the president
How and whether judicial decisions are translated into actual policy is known as judicial __________. implementation
In which of the following cases did the Supreme Court first claim the right of judicial review? Marbury v. Madison
To “grant certiorari,” or agree to hear a case, the Supreme Court requires that four justices must agree to review the case. This custom is called: rule of four.
The courts in the federal judicial system that hear appeals from lower courts are: district courts. WRONGState courts WRONG
The method of judicial interpretation that looks to the values and intentions of the Framers of the Constitution, or those who ratified it, is known as: original intent.
The power of a court to review decisions and change outcomes of lower court decisions is called: appellate jurisdiction.
Following oral arguments, the justices gather for a __________ during which they discuss the case and cast preliminary votes. conference
A court that hears and weighs evidence in order to reach the first decision in a civil or criminal case is a court of __________ jurisdiction. original
Federal district court judges are appointed to __________ terms. life
Which Article of the Constitution creates the federal judiciary? Article III
Which of the following confirms all federal judges? Senate
__________ is the power of the courts to review and overturn the actions of the executive and legislative branches. Judicial review
Which of the following is the authority of a court to hear and decide the issues in a particular case? jurisdiction
Who represents the federal government in appeals to the Supreme Court? solicitor general
An attorney in the Department of Justice who represents the U.S. government before the Supreme Court (and other courts) is: the solicitor general.
According to the video Texas v. Johnson, about what percentage of cases submitted to the Supreme Court do the justices agree to hear? 3%
History Flashcards

Chapter 6 History

By raising taxes in the early 1780s, the Confederation was able to reduce the national debt. T/F F
General Washington’s personal appeal to his officers ended the Newburgh Conspiracy. T/F T
Merchants suffered more than farmers by the separation from Great Britain. T/F T
One important new development in the mid-1780s was the opening of U.S. trade with China. T/F T
George Washington typified elite disapproval of Shays’s Rebellion. T/F T
Alexander Hamilton presided over the Constitutional Convention. T/F F
Delegates to the Constitutional Convention sharply debated whether to establish a monarchy or a republic. T/F F
The New Jersey Plan proposed keeping unicameral legislature with equal representation for each state. T/F T
Under the Constitution, each slave would count as one person for purposes of representation, but as only half a person for taxation. T/F F
The Constitution mentioned the word “slave” (or “slavery”) eighteen times. T/F F
The Constitution immediately outlawed the foreign slave trade. T/F F
The Constitution established a Supreme Court with nine justices. T/F F
The Articles of Confederation required unanimous approval for amendment. T/F T
Federalists favored a decentralized federal system of government. T/F F
The essays that made up The Federalist were originally published in New York newspapers during the fight for ratification. T/F T
The phrase “critical period” refers to: A. the time of the Revolutionary War B. the summer the Constitution was written C. America under the Articles of Confederation D. George Washington’s presidency E. the years of tension over British taxes C
In the final years of the Revolutionary War, ________ emerged as the most influential figure in the government. A. Robert Morris B. John Adams C. Benjamin Franklin D. George Washington E. Alexander Hamilton A
Which one of the following gave the Confederation government the most trouble? A. finances B. Indian affairs C. land policy D. postal service E. immigration policy A
The Newburgh Conspiracy involved: A. General Washington’s plot to become dictator B. a military threat to enlarge congressional powers C. an attempt to destroy the Bank of North America D. secret peace talks with the British E. a revolt against Congress by the states B
Under the Articles of Confederation western lands would be: A. divided up among the existing states B. free of slavery C. recognized as belonging to the Indians D. owned by the national government E. extended to the Pacific D
The 640-acre sections created in the Northwest: A. would be given to settlers for free B. raised enough money to pay the national debt C. would be reserved for veterans of the Revolution D. would be sold by local banks E. would likely be bought by land speculators E
The United States departed from the colonial policies of Great Britain by: A. promising equal statehood to all unsettled western territory B. prohibiting national control of trade with other nations C. promising citizenship for all western Indians D. prohibiting the movement of slaves between states, except for sale E. requiring all taxes to be approved by the voters A
Which of the following was NOT part of the Northwest Ordinance? A. Slavery was prohibited in the territory above the Ohio River. B. Statehood was allowed when a territory had a population of 60,000 people. C. Religious freedom was guaranteed in a “bill of rights.” D. New states formed from the Northwest Territory had to allow Indians “perpetual representation” in the state governments. E. Territorial governors were to be chosen by Congress D
The Northwest Ordinance of 1787: A. banned slavery in the Northwest B. made Ohio and Indiana states immediately C. established colonies in the Ohio Valley D. denied self-government to that region E. provided for joint occupation of that area with the British A
The plan presented by Reverend Cutler of the Ohio Company was to settle the Northwest with: A. foreign immigrants B. military veterans C. ex-slaves D. Loyalists E. prisoners B
In the lands south of the Ohio River: A. settlement proceeded more slowly than in the Northwest B. there was little or no resistance from the Indians as white settlers encroached on their land C. Georgia, North Carolina, and Virginia temporarily kept their titles to the western lands D. policy was set in the Land Ordinance of 1787 E. slavery was permanently banned C
After the Revolutionary War, American trade with Britain: A. was illegal B. was limited to the West Indies C. resumed D. was minimal E. was unrestricted C
An important new development came in the mid-1780s, when the United States opened trade with: A. Japan B. France C. Canada D. China E. India D
An ongoing source of American tension toward the British was: A. British refusal to recognize America B. British blockade of the Atlantic coast C. British refusal to pay war damages D. Britain’s refusal to release American POWs E. British forts along the Canadian border E
America contended with Spain over: A. freedom to navigate the Mississippi B. trade with Spain’s colonies C. ownership of Florida D. Spain’s cruel treatment of Indians E. discrimination toward Catholics in America A
One serious economic problem under the Articles of Confederation was: A. a scarcity of good farmland B. the differing tariff policies of the states C. the impossibility of obtaining credit D. excessively high income taxes E. low wages caused by an oversupply of labor B
The movement for states to issue paper money in the 1780s was led by: A. farmers B. creditors C. merchants D. artisans E. ministers A
Shays’s Rebellion was led by: A. merchants B. factory workers C. bankers D. indebted farmers E. ambitious politicians D
Shays’s Rebellion broke out in: A. Boston B. New York City C. western Massachusetts D. Rhode Island E. Pennsylvania C
Shays’s Rebellion: A. spread to several northern states B. was supported by George Washington and other elite figures C. was repressed by state militia D. resulted in massive bloodshed and property destruction E. made Americans more fearful of strong central government C
In response to Shays’s Rebellion, Thomas Jefferson: A. was horrified B. wanted to hang its leaders C. was silent D. resigned from the government E. said occasional revolts were necessary E
After Shays’s Rebellion: A. Massachusetts was governed by martial law B. farmers throughout America were watched by local committees of safety C. England prepared for the possibility of resuming the war D. there were numerous calls promoting a stronger central government E. was attended by delegates from each state D
The Constitutional Convention met in: A. New York B. Washington, D.C. C. Philadelphia D. Boston E. Albany C
The convention, which assembled in May 1787, was supposed to: A. write a new constitution B. address the country’s financial crisis C. revise the Articles of Confederation D. nominate someone for president E. discuss better trade relations with Britain C
The delegates who met: A. included John Adams and Thomas Jefferson B. tended to be elderly C. wanted a weaker central government D. included many participants in the Revolution E. arrived knowing what they wanted D
At the outset of the Constitutional Convention, whom did the delegates unanimously elect as president of the convention? A. Alexander Hamilton B. James Madison C. George Washington D. Benjamin Franklin E. Thomas Jefferson C
The convention’s most gifted political philosopher and the man who emerged as its central figure was: A. Alexander Hamilton B. George Washington C. Benjamin Franklin D. Patrick Henry E. James Madison E
Madison’s Virginia Plan: A. would create a president for life B. would create a two-house Congress C. was most favored by the small states D. would simply amend the Articles of Confederation E. would abolish the state governments B
The Great Compromise originated from the ______ delegation. A. New York B. Massachusetts C. Delaware D. New Hampshire E. Connecticut E
The Great Compromise: A. was negotiated by Benjamin Franklin B. showed the South’s determination to protect slavery C. listed the explicit powers of Congress D. created a four-year term for president E. settled the question of congressional representation E
The Constitution addressed slavery by: A. referring numerous times to “slaves” or “slavery” B. stating that the African slave trade could not be banned before 1808 C. requiring that all slaves count toward a state’s congressional representation D. making it legal in every state E. requiring that slaves have full legal protections B
On the question of women’s rights, the proposed Constitution: A. denied the vote to females B. was surprisingly progressive for its time C. defined women as the property of their husbands D. accepted the advice of prominent women E. said nothing E
In regard to citizenship, the Constitution: A. gave citizenship to Indians B. gave citizenship to free blacks C. limited future numbers of immigrants D. gave Congress authority over naturalization E. allowed noncitizens to serve in Congress D
The great majority of the Founding Fathers rejected: A. federal taxation B. religion C. property requirements for voting D. division of federal and state authority E. rule by the people E
The Founding Fathers viewed the most “democratic” branch of the government as the: A. presidency B. Senate C. Supreme Court D. cabinet E. House of Representatives E
Under the proposed constitution, members of the Senate would: A. serve two-year terms B. be chosen by state legislatures C. be appointed by state governors D. be chosen by popular vote E. be men of substantial wealth B
According to the Constitution, the president has the authority to do all the following EXCEPT: A. veto acts of Congress B. resign and choose his successor C. recommend legislation to Congress D. act as commander-in-chief of the armed forces E. appoint diplomats and judges B
The president’s powers were limited by all of the following EXCEPT: A. he would be chosen by popular vote B. he could not declare war C. Congress could override his vetoes D. he could be impeached E. he could be convicted and removed from office A
Amendments to the Constitution: A. would be made by the Supreme Court B. would be proposed by a two-thirds vote of Congress C. would require approval of every state D. could be vetoed by the president E. would ultimately be approved by popular vote B
The Constitution was to be considered ratified as soon as it had been approved by: A. the Constitutional Convention B. the Continental Congress C. all thirteen states D. nine of the states E. a majority popular vote D
Which of the following was NOT true of the anti-Federalists after ratification? A. They did not resort to violence when the Constitution was ratified. B. Many of them became leading figures in the new government. C. They became the founders of the Whig Party. D. Few of them wanted to see the work in Philadelphia undone. E. They felt better about their defeat because of the inclusion of the Bill of Rights. C
Most of The Federalist essays were written by: A. James Madison B. John Jay C. Patrick Henry D. Alexander Hamilton E. Samuel Adams D
Federalist Number 10 explains how a republic can: A. defend itself B. become a democracy C. create a just society D. pays its debts E. be successful in a large, diverse society E
The Federalist argued that: A. the size and diversity of the large new country would make it impossible for any one faction to control the government B. the Constitution was necessary to prevent one faction from taking control of the nation C. a republican form of government could not work in a nation as large as the United States and therefore the Constitution was necessary D. the Constitution would promote control of the government by one faction, which would be good for the nation E. if the Constitution failed, the country could always go back to the Articles of Confederation A
Who among the following was an anti-Federalist? A. Alexander Hamilton B. John Jay C. Mercy Otis Warren D. James Madison E. George Washington C
Anti-Federalist leaders: A. often were better organized and prepared than their Federalist opponents B. tended to be younger than their Federalist counterparts C. had been the chief proponents of a stronger central government at the Constitutional Convention D. wanted a Bill of Rights to protect individuals from the new government E. tended to be wealthier than their Federalist opponents D
The Constitution was ratified: A. in a national referendum B. without serious opposition C. despite a close vote in Massachusetts D. despite its rejection in Virginia E. due to the support of the anti-Federalists C
The first of these states to ratify the Constitution was: A. Delaware B. New York C. Rhode Island D. Virginia E. Massachusetts A
As the new Constitution went into effect, Founding Fathers like Franklin and Washington viewed its future with feelings of: A. supreme confidence B. fear and loathing C. God’s approval D. uncertainty E. regret, since the Articles of Confederation were clearly better D
was the oldest member of the Constitutional Convention Benjamin Franklin
proposed Great Compromise at Constitutional Convention Roger Sherman
drafted land ordinance of 1784 Thomas Jefferson
was the Confederation superintendent of finance Robert Morris
briefly represented New York at the Constitutional Convention Alexander Hamilton
claimed to “smell a rat” at Constitutional Convention Patrick Henry
believed the Constitution would last no more than twenty years George Washington
arrived in Philadelphia having spent months preparing for the convention James Madison
was a destitute and disgruntled Massachusetts farmer Daniel Shays
anti-Federalist leader and future president James Monroe
History Flashcards

Current History

the modern computer developed from? enemy rivalries during WW2
A decline in the number of US manufacturing jobs was in part the result of? Globalization
How did Clinton attract voters in 1992? promoted himself as a centrist
One victory of the Clinton administration was? the passage of the Brady Bill
For participating countries, NAFTA called for? the gradual removal of trade restictions
President Clinton sent military trrops to Bosnia to stop ethnic cleansing of Muslims and Croats
What did the No Child Left Behind Act do? tied schools’ federal funding to students’ academic success
What person of group was removed frompwer as a result of US invasion of Afghanistan? the Taliban
Where do most immigrants to the US come from today? Latin America and Asia
Which of the following helps explain the trend in life expectancy in America? Satellites brodcast televisionaround the world
The first modern computer was designed to benefit? the military
Which company developed the first commercially successful computer? IBM
The Internet is directly responsible for? creating a huge database and research tool
what is one way that globalization has affected the American economy? loss of manufacturing jobs
the growth of the service economycaused a decline in US union membership
President Bill Clinton signed which piece of legislation aimed at deterring gun violence? Brady Handgun Violence Protection Act
Which statement about CLintions impeachment is true? It was clear from the beginning of the impeachment trial tha there were not enough votes in the senate to convict
President George H.W. Bush helped Bill Clinton win the presidencey in 1992 because Bush: broke his promise and increased taxes
What did the Family Medical Leave Act guarantee to most full-time employees? 12 weeks of unpaid leave a year
President CLinton failed to bring about a change in health care
What was the main effect of the Contract With America? Republicans took control of Congress
Clinton was impeached because he admitted to lying under oath about an affair
What did Bush mean when he referred to terrorist regimes as an “axis of evil”? the regimes coordinated efforts to seek and provide weapons for use in attacking the US and its allies
What action eventually occurred as a result of speeches such as Bush’s State of the Union Address? US and British forces invaded Iraq
Clinton supported free trade blocs becuase: they theoretically increase the prosperity of paritcular countries
What was one positve effect of economic globalization? People have been exposed to new ideas and technologies
US military intervention failed to end a civil war in: Haiti
In Norway, Clintion tried to negotiate an end to conflicts between the Palestinians and the Israelis
Why did Osama Bin Laden form al Qaeda in the late 90s? to end American involvement in the Middle East
Which state’s voting results were key to determining the winner of the 2000 presidential election? Florida
What finally decided the outcome of the 2000 presidential election? the US supreme court
In his 1st term, Bush cut taxes to: stimulate the economy
What group was directly responsible for the terrorist attacks on the US on 9-11? al Qaeda
During his 2nd term, Bush faced criticism as a result of: budget defecits
What is the largest immigrant group in American society in recent years? Latinos
Immigration supporters argue that immigrants: perform jobs that others do not want
the US experienced the most population growth at the beginning of this century in the: Sunbelt
Which of these correctly describes how American society is changing? Life expectancy is increasing
What did the 1994 Violence Against Women Act do? increase resources to prosecute men guilty of violent acts against women
a wealty, independent president candidate in 1992 H. Ross Perot
a trade agreement among the US, Canada, and Mexico NAFTA
broadens government’s powers to monitor suspected terrorists Patriot Act
law that gave resident status to some illegal immigrants Immigration and Control Act of 1986
an agreement designed to reduce tariffs and promote free trade GATT
Republican who opposed President Clinton Newt Gingrich
law that eased immigration restrictions Immigration Act of 1990
an Afghannistan Islamic fundamentalist govn’t Taliban
technological solutions to living organisms’ problems biotechnology
the process of intergrating different nations’ economies and cultures globalization
Who made Microsoft? Bill Gates
Who made Apple Steve Jobs
Who made Dell Computers? Michael Dell
Who made Jeff Bezo
Why was the 2000 election historic? it was so close
Who won the popular vote? Al Gore
Who won the electoral college vote? Bush
When did Gore concede? Dec. 12 2000
When was the World Trade Center bombed? 1993
Who was resposible for the bombing of the WTC? Al Qaeda
Who was the leader of the Al Qaeda? Osama Bin Laden
The bombing of the Embassies was in? Nairobi, Kenya, and Tanzania
Who was New York’s mayor at the time of 9-11? Rudy Giuliani
Barack Hussein Obama was the ___th president 44
Who is Obamas VP? Joe Biden
Obama: born on August 4th 1961 in Honolulu Hawaii
Which state was he senator of? Illinois
What state was Clinton the governor of? Arkansas
what was the centrist view? reconcile liberal and conservative ideals
Who ran in the 1992 Election? Democrats- Clinton and GoreRepublicans- Bush and QuayleIndependent- H. Ross Perot
who was the Butcher of the Balkans? Slobadan Milosevic
who ran in the 2000 election? Democrats: Al Gore and Joe LiebermanRepublicans: George Bush and Dick Cheney
History Flashcards

History of Rock Music: Exam 2

Herman’s Hermits Peter Noone was the lead singer to which of the following British bands?
1964 The Beatles arrived in the United States in which year?
blues-inspired cover songs The early songs in the Rolling Stones’ career were primarily
False The Beatles played their last public concert at Yankee Stadium in 1966.
Eric Burdon The Animals were fronted by the powerful blues singing of:
True The Rolling Stones typically avoided AABA song forms that the Beatles did frequently use.
True Both the Kinks and the Who represent bands that defy Stones-type and Beatles-type categorizations
False Beatles-type bands included the Animals and the Yardbirds
frenzy created by fans at the Beatles’ live performances “Beatlemania” refers to the:
The who The Detours was the original name of which band?
the Quarry Men The original name for the Beatles was:
True Initially, the Rolling Stones did not write their own music and preferred covering songs
Mitch Mitchell Georgie Fame and the Blue Flames featured which future Jimi Hendrix drummer?
“I Want to Hold Your Hand” The first Beatles’ song to break through to #1 in the United States was
Cliff Richard Who among the following was NEVER a member of the Beatles?
True Even though British bands flooded the pop charts in the U.S. during the mid-1960s, American groups still continued to have chart success even after the British arrived.
Structural format found in American pop All of the following describe “Tomorrow Never Knows” as a work of art EXCEPT
False The music from rock’s first wave from the U.S. in the 1950s had only a small impact on British rock in the 1960s.
Pete Townshend Who among the following was responsible for songwriting for the Who?
“(I Can’t Get No) Satisfaction” Which song solidified the Rolling Stones’ image as rock music’s bad boys?
True The first Beatles’ hits in the United States were released on independent record labels
improvisatory passages performed by the Yardbirds “Rave-ups” were
“Love Me Do” The Beatles’ first song released by Parlophone was
False The Animals found popularity in the U.S. with the “Manchester Sound.”
False “Please Please Me” was the song that finally broke the Beatles into the American pop market in late 1963.
Liverpool The Beatles were formed in which UK city?
nonmusical issues such as a band’s image and its members’ accents From the perspective of American youth, the British invasion was centered on
Chuck Berry The Animals’ break in the music industry came after a UK tour with which musical act?
The Cavern Club The Beatles were regular performers at which Liverpool venue?
Ray Davies the kinks featured the songwriting of
Skiffle “Rock Island Line” as recorded by “Lonnie” Donegan is an example of:
Andrew Loog Oldham The individual responsible for changing the image of the Rolling Stones was:
Brian Jones In the early years of the Rolling Stones, the group was led by:
True The lead singers of the Turtles eventually would go on to work with Frank Zappa and the Mothers of Invention.
Barry McGuire “Eve of Destruction” was recorded by:
the Lovin’ Spoonful John Sebastian was a member of which New York-based band?
Social injustices Early songs by Bob Dylan focused on:
Trumpet Which instrument was NOT typical in folk rock?
signing with major, California-based record labels All of the following are elements of 1960s garage bands EXCEPT:
False John Phillips was a singer/songwriter/arranger for the Byrds
True New York was the center of the American pop scene in the early 1960s
the twelve-string guitar played by George Harrison in “A Hard Day’s Night” The “jingle-jangle” guitar sound heard in the music of the Byrds was inspired by
False Simon and Garfunkel initially recorded “Sounds of Silence” with electric instruments.
“Masters of War” Song about the Vietnam conflict
The Hawks Backup band that played with Bob Dylan
“Turn, turn, turn” Pete Seeger song covered by the Byrds
David Crosby member of the Byrds
the Wrecking Crew studio musicians who recorded for the Byrds
Tom and Jerry original name for Simon and Garfunkel
Cass Elliot member of the mamas and the papas
Glen Campbell replaced Brian Wilson on tour
Pet Sounds innovative album by the beach boys
nuggets collection of rare and unknown garage-band singles
false as hippies, sonny and cher were embraced by the establishment culture
Woody Guthrie Bob Dylan’s idol was
“Mr. Tambourine Man” The first international number one folk-rock single was
the Whiskey-a-go-go Which music venue was significant in establishing Johnny Rivers as a live act
The four seasons Which of this following bands was least affected by the British invasion?
True American’s most commercially successful answer to the Beatles was the Monkees
False When British bands arrived in the US, it erased American pop acts from the chart
Where the action is Paul Revere and the Raiders received exposure from what television show?
The four seasons Frankie Valli was the lead vocalist for
Paul McCartney The Beach Boys’ song “God Only Knows” was once called the “perfect” pop song by which individual?
“The Sounds of Silence” Which song helped Simon and Garfunkel re-emerge as successful folk-rock musicians?
being subversive to the establishment due to their hippie image Despite being considered family entertainment, Sonny and Cher were also noted for
eplacing drums with symphonic string All of the following are musical characteristics of the song “California Girls” EXCEPT:
Bringin’ it all back home On which Bob Dylan album did half of the songs use electric instruments?
Jim Stewart and Estelle Axton Who were the founders of Stax Records?
True James Brown often fined musicians who made mistakes during performances.
Detroit Motown Records was located in which city?
False Curtis Mayfield was most famously involved as a producer for the Four Tops.
more pop-oriented In comparison to Atlantic/Stax, the musical style of Motown is often viewed as:
Booker T. & the MG’s Many Stax recordings depended on their studio band called:
False The quintessential Motown girl group in the 1960s was the Temptations.
Diana Ross Which member of the Supremes left the group in 1969 to focus on a solo career?
the Funk Brothers a studio band for Motown Records
“Someday We’ll Be Together” the last song released before Diana Ross started her solo career
“My Girl” a hit song for the Temptations
Marvin Gaye had hit duet songs with Tammi Terrell
Jerry Wexler music producer who worked with Atlantic and Stax Records
David Porter and Isaac Hayes songwriters from Stax Records
Soulsville, USA nickname for Stax Records
“Respect” a cover version was recorded by Aretha Franklin
Cropper and Dunn two members from Booker T. & the MG’s
the Fabulous Flames a group that worked with James Brown for a period of time
Ahmet Ertegun One of the cofounders of Atlantic Records was
False There are no stylistic differences between Atlantic’s approaches to sweet and southern soul
the former band name for the Supremes Who were the Primettes?
True Berry Gordy’s desire to appeal to white audiences prompted criticism that Motown sold out to white America.
Brian Holland, Lamont Dozier, and Eddie Holland The period 1964-1967 at Motown was dominated by which writing and production team?
Columbia Aretha Franklin’s first record contract was with which label?
The temptations Which Motown group showcased the high tenor voice of Eddie Kendricks?
True In the early 1960s, Stax was a much smaller operation than Motown.
Otis Redding Which Stax artist died in a plane crash in 1967?
“Fingertips, Pt. 2” Stevie Wonder’s first number-one hit on the pop and rhythm and blues chart was:
Chess The Chicago record label ________________ released a broad range of black pop during the 1960s by artists such as Etta James, Sugar Pie DeSanto, and Jackie Ross
accusations that Motown has sold out Berry Gordy’s desire to appeal to white audiences prompted:
funk James Brown’s musical style turned toward
to hold a final test for each song, including its arrangement and recorded sound What was the purpose of the “quality control” meetings at Motown?
False The “delayed backbeat” is a concept specific to the Chess record label.
He was a choreographer who taught artists onstage movements and dance steps. Who was Cholly Atkins?
secretary Originally, Martha Reeves was hired by Motown as a
True In the early 1960s, Stax was a much smaller operation than Motown
“In the Midnight Hour” Which Stax song first used the rhythmic concept of the “delayed backbeat”?
“Penny Lane” and “Strawberry Fields Forever” Which two Beatles songs were released as a double A-sided single prior to Sgt. Pepper?
Grace Slick Which Great Society singer was brought on to replace Signe Anderson of Jefferson Airplane?
False Psychedelic music was intended to appeal to young teens as well as college-age listeners.
Songs became longer and musical sounds more ambitious. What was an important feature of music in its role as a drug trip and in achieving a higher state of consciousness?
Smiley Smile Which Beach Boys album was released in place of SMiLE?
True In psychedelic music, the music is the soundtrack that provides a trip itself.
Syd Barrett Which member of Pink Floyd was replaced by Dave Gilmour?
True The Doors, Love, and Iron Butterfly all were important bands from the Los Angeles psychedelic scene.
college-age listeners The primary target audience for psychedelic music was intended to be:
The Psychedelic Experience Which book by Timothy Leary served as a guide to the experimental use of acid?
False The first rock band to be billed as a “supergroup” was Pink Floyd
Chas Chandler Which musician was responsible for bringing Jimi Hendrix to London?
Capitol Both the Beach Boys and the Beatles were on which U.S. record label?
Astral Weeks Which album by Van Morrison combined elements of folk music, jazz, classical, and improvisational experimental aspects?
“blues in Technicolor” the musicians in Big Brother and the Holding Company referred to their music as
False John Lennon encouraged listeners to think of Sgt. Pepper as a concept album.
Marty Balin All of the following were members of the Grateful Dead EXCEPT
True Jimi Hendrix first made his mark on the London psychedelic scene
True “Good Vibrations” consumed more studio time and budget allocation than any other pop single ever had before.
True Marvin Gaye initially sought a career as a pop crooner in the vein of Frank Sinatra and Nat “King” Cole.
doo-wop-style backup vocals All of the following are musical features of James Brown’s “Papa’s Got a Brand New Bag, Pt. I” EXCEPT:
Okeh Which of the following labels did Columbia revive in the 1950s to explore new R&B markets?
Muscle Shoals Where was Fame Studios located?
True Rock communities embraced southern R&B as the “real thing.”
slapping together two-by-fours On the song “Baby Love,” what was used to create the hand claplike sounds in the introduction?
Sam and Dave Which artists were provided “on loan” to Stax studio by Jerry Wexler?
True Berry Gordy’s method of production was derived from Brill Building practices.
the Band Bob Dylan worked with which group in Woodstock, New York?
False Eric Clapton made a name for himself at the 1967 Monterey Rock Festival after he set his guitar on fire.
Sgt. Pepper’s Lonely Hearts Club Band considered rock’s first concept album
Haight-Ashbury Victorian neighborhood that was the center for the San Francisco psychedelic scene
Tom Donahue started a free-form FM radio show in San Francisco
the Warlocks original name for the Grateful Dead
Janis Joplin influenced by blues singers like Bessie Smith and Big Mama Thornton
Pipers at the Gates of Dawn debut album by Pink Floyd
Axis: Bold as Love Hendrix album that demonstrates his musical experimentations
the Lizard King the alter ego of Jim Morrison
the Hells Angels hired as security at Altamont
Isle of Wight large festival in the United Kingdom
False The Beach Boys formed Apple Records when they decided to take over their own business affairs.
True One of the most important aspects of Sgt. Pepper was that it shifted the focus to an entire album as opposed to the single.
Timothy Leary “Turn on, tune in, and drop out” was the slogan of which proponent of LSD?
Jim Morrison The lead singer of the Doors was
Abbey Road Which Beatles album was the last studio album the band completed?
1969 The Woodstock Music and Art Festival was held during which year?
Ringo Starr Which Beatle sings as the character Billy Shears on Sgt. Pepper?
the Grateful Dead was signed to a major record label All of the following were signs of the underground psychedelic movement in San Francisco EXCEPT
rhythm and blues Which type of music influenced the New York-based band the Rascals?
True Most garage bands did not have more than one hit.
evoke the fun and humor of Beatles films The intent of The Monkees television show was to:
“River Deep, Mountain High” Which song did Phil Spector consider a failure, leading him to retire from the music business?
his anger over criticism from the folk community The Bob Dylan song “Positively 4th Street” focused on:
True the Four Seasons represented a New York-based act whose success was affected negatively by the British invasion
“Louie Louie” Which song is regarded as the first important garage band hit on a national level?
sgt. Pepper’s Lonely Hearts Club Band Pet Sounds was influential for which Beatles’ album?
false Bob Dylan’s success was fueled by appearances of his singles on the pop charts.
true The lead singers of the Turtles eventually would go on to work with Frank Zappa and the Mothers of Invention.
caesar and Cleo Sonny and Cher initially performed under the names:
Neil Diamond All of the following were members of the Monkees EXCEPT:
History Flashcards

Berlin Wall History

What was the Berlin Wall? The Berlin Wall (German: Berliner Mauer) was a barrier constructed by the German Democratic Republic (GDR, East Germany) starting on 13 August 1961, that completely cut off (by land) West Berlin from surrounding East Germany and from East Berlin.
When was the Berlin Wall erected? 13 August 1961
When was the Berlin Wall destroyed? 9 November 1989
Who controlled Germany at this time? Germany was split into two sections. The Soviet Union had half while the other side went to the United States, France, and Great Britain.
What were the four major super powers at this time? The Soviet Union, Unites States of America, France, and Great Britain.
What government was East Berlin under? A communisim
Why did so many people want to leave East Berlin? Because there wasn’t a lot of money and good basically original food going around. As we saw in the escape movie those two ladies fought over an orange. They could live better else where basically (econamy terrible…).
Around how many people tried to escape during this time period and out of these people how many died? 5000 people tried to escape with a death toll of 600
What were some of the escape attempts used? The cow, tunnel, wire thingy, the car hiding place, etc. (you can expand on this if needed).
What was were the police known as in East Berlin? The National People’s Army or for short NVA
What were the secret police in East Berlin? These secret people of which could be your friends that would tell the on you if you were trying to escape from East Berlin. They normally get “better things” or at least better than normal things.
Who said, “Ich bin eine Berliner!” John F. Kennedy
History Flashcards

U.S. History: The Conservative Movement Grows

Liberals supported which of the following in the 1970s? laws protecting the rights of minorities and women
Some conservatives believe that a large central government harms economic growth.
Neoconservatives warn about the dangers posed to society by abandoning traditional values.
What was one cause of the rise of the conservative movement in the 1970s? demographic shifts to the suburbs and Sunbelt
Which of the following influenced the election of Ronald Reagan in 1980? high inflation
History Flashcards

AP US History Vocabulary

Embargo Act The Embargo Act of 1807 was a law passed by Congress forbidding all exportation of goods from the United States. Britain and France had been continuously harassing the U.S. and seizing U.S. ship’s and men. The U.S. was not prepared to fight in a war, so Pres. Jefferson hoped to weaken Britain and France by stopping trade. The Embargo Act ended up hurting our economy more than theirs. It was repealed in 1809. The Embargo Act helped to revive the Federalists. It caused New England’s industry to grow. It eventually led to the War of 1812.
Louisiana Purchase Treaty In 1803 Thomas Jefferson purchased 828,000 square miles of land for 15 million dollars from Napoleon the leader of France. The land mass stretched from the Gulf of Mexico all the to Rocky Mountains and Canada. The purchase of this land sprouted national pride and ensured expansion.; In 1800, Napoleon secretly induced the king of Spain to cede the Louisiana territory to France. Then, in 1802, the Spaniards at New Orleans withdrew the right of deposit guaranteed by the Pinckney Treaty of 1795. Such depositprivileges were vital to the frontier farmers who floated their goods down the Mississippi River to its mouth to await oceangoing vessels. These farmers talked of marching to New Orleans to violently get back what they deserved, an action that would have plunged the U.S. into war with Spain and France. In 1803, Jefferson sent James Monroe to join regular minister Robert R. Livingston to buy New Orleans and as much land to the east ofthe river for a total of $10 million, tops. Instead, Napoleon offered to sell New Orleans and the land west of it, Louisiana, for a bargain of $15 million, thereby abandoning hisdream of a French North American empire. This abandonment was due to the rebellion in Haiti, led by Toussaint L’Ouverture, which had been unsuccessful, but had killed many French troops due to yellow fever. The decision to sellLouisiana was also because Napoleon needed cash to renew his war with Britain. The Louisiana Purchase was finalized on April 30, 1803. Jefferson had a dilemma, since the Constitution said nothing about purchasing foreign land, but on the other hand, this deal was simplytoo good to pass up! After considering an amendment, Jefferson finally decided to go through with the deal anyway, even though nothing in the Constitution talked about land purchases. Jefferson had been a strict interpreter of the Constitution, but he was now using a loose interpretation. Federalists, normally loose interpreters, took a strict interpretation and opposed the purchase. Federalist didn’t wantthe new lands because they correctly foresaw new lands meant new settlers and new states, which meant more farmers and more Republicans. Thus, both parties made a full 180° turnaround from their previous philosophical beliefs about the Constitution simply because ofthe practical matters at hand. The Senate quickly approved the purchase with Jefferson’surging, and the Louisiana Purchase doubled the size of the United States. This was the biggest bargain in history averaging 3 cents peracre.; Louisiana in the Long View, The purchase created a precedent of acquisition of foreign territory through purchase. In the spring of 1804, Jefferson sent William Clark and MeriwetherLewis to explore this new territory.
Non-Intercourse Act was a watered down version of Jefferson’s embargo aimed solely at Britain and France was due to expire in 1810; later replaced by the Macon’s Bill No. 2.
Chesapeake Incident An incident that happened on June 22, 1807. Britain’s determination was highlighted in 1807; a royal frigate overhauled a US frigate, the Chesapeake about 10 miles off the coast of Virginia; the British captain demanded the surrender of four alleged deserters ; london had never claimed the right to seize sailors from a foreign warship, and the American commander, though totally unprepared to fight, refused the request; the british warship thereupon fired 3 devastating broadsides at close range killing 3 americans and wounding 18; 4 deserters were dragged away and the bloody hulk called the Chesapeak limped back to port
Marbury v. Madison Sec. of State James Madison held up one of John Adams’ “Midnight Judges” appointments. The appointment was for a Justice of the Peace position for William Marbury. Marbury sued. Fellow Hamiltonian and Chief Justice John Marshall dismissed Marbury’s suit, avoiding a political showdown and magnifying the power of the Court. This case cleared up controversy over who had final say in interpreting the Constitution: the states did not, the Supreme Court did. This is judicial review.; William Marbury one of the midnight judges of 1801 presented John Marshall w/ an opportunity; Adams had named Marbury justice of the peace for the District of Columbia; when Marbury learned that his commission was being put aside by the secretary of state James Madison he sued for its delivery; Marshall knew that his Jeffersonian rivals all in the executive branch, would hardly take any action to deliver the commission to his fellow federalist Marbury; he then dismissed Marbury’s suing to avoid a political disaster; but marshall still got a victory over the judicial defeat; Marshall said that the part of the Judiciary Act of 1789 on which Marbury tried to base his appeal was unconstitutional; the act had attempted to assign to the Supreme Court powers that the Constitution had not unforeseen
Judiciary Act of 1801 The Judiciary Act of 1801 was passed by the Federalist congress where the old capital was located. It was one of the last laws passed by the federalist congress. This law allowed the president, then President Adams, would stay up until midnight signing in new federal judges across the nation. It allowed the Federalists to still maintain power in the nation after they were a minority party in congress. This act brought bitterness between the two parties. These judges that were passed during the last day of President Adams were called “midnight Judges”.; it created 16 new federal judgeships and other judicial offices; jeffersonians condemned the last minute appointees in violent language, denouncing the trickery of the Federalists as open defiance of the people’s will; the newly elected Republican congress bestirred itself to repeal the Judiciary Act in the yr after its passage, jeffersonians thus swept 16 benches from under the recently seated “midnight judges”
Judicial Review Until 1803, the case of Marbury vs. Madison took place this year, there was controversy over who had the final say in determining the meaning of the Constitution, whether loose or strict interpretation should be used and who would decide. Jefferson tried to give the rights to the states in the Kentucky resolutions, but his cousin, John Marshall of the Supreme Court, proposed “judicial review,” which gave the Supreme Court the power to decide if a law is or is not constitutional. “Judicial review” was accepted as a result of the famous case of Marbury vs.
John Marshall Appointed by John Adams (1801) as Chief Justice of the Supreme Court- was a Virginia Federalist who was disliked by the state’s rights Jeffersonians.The Federalists died out but Marshall continued to hand down Federalist decisions.was cousin of Jefferson; he had served at valley forge during the revolution, while suffering from the cold there he had been painfully impressed w/ the drawbacks of feeble central authority so this made him a lifelong federalist; in the Marbury V. Madison case he dismissed Marbury’s suit avoiding a political showdown; he explained that the part of the Judiciary Act of 1789 on which Marbury tried to base his appeal was unconstitutional; the act attempted to assign to the Supreme Court powers that the Constitution had not foreseen; he greatly magnified the authority of the court and slapped at the Jeffersonians and thus the jeffersonians sought revenge w/ the case of Samuel Chase in the Supreme Court Justice
Aaron Burr Burr was a running mate with Thomas Jefferson. They tied for the presidency. Jefferson won the run off. Burr killed Alexander Hamilton in a famous duel. He was tried and acquitted for treason involving a plan to separate the US and combine with Spain.
Zebulon Pike A pioneer who explored the Louisiana territory between 1805 – 1807. He explored Colorado, New Mexico, & Mississippi. He was a leader of the new land. He has set up the portal to allow people to migrate toward west. (A paragon – First example to move into the Louisiana territory); Zebulon M. Pike trekked to the headwaters of the Mississippi River in 1805-1806, the next yr Pike ventured into the southern portion of the Louisiana Territory, where he sighted the Colorado peak that bears his name
James Monroe James Monroe was sent to Paris in 1803 to buy New Orleans and as much land as possible to the east for a maximum of ten million dollars.If these proposals were to fail and the situation became critical negotiations were to be opened w/ Britain for alliance; Monroe and Robert Livingston arranged the of all of Louisiana for fifteen million dollars. Monroe later became James Madison’s Secretary of State.
Thomas Jefferson Thomas Jefferson was a Republican who believed that the future of the U.S. would lie in the hands of farmers. “Long Tom” Jefferson was inaugurated to the presidency in the swampy village of Washington on March 4, 1801. While Jefferson was president, the Louisiana Purchase was made, Lewis and Clark were sent to explore the newly acquired land, the Barbary Pirate threat was silenced, and the Embargo Act was passed. While all of Jefferson’s presidential acts were not always successful, he always put the country ahead of himself. His patriotism and loyalty to the U.S.; On March 4, 1801, Thomas Jefferson was inaugurated president in the new capital of Washington D.C; In his address, he declared that all Americans were Federalists, all were Republicans, implying that Americans were a mixture. He also pledged “honest friendship with all nations, entangling allianceswith none.” Jefferson was simple and frugal, and did not seat in regard to rank during his dinners He also was unconventional, wearing sloppy attire, and he started the precedent of sending messages to Congress to be read by a clerk.; There were two Thomas Jeffersons: the scholarly private citizen who philosophized in his study, and the harassed public official who discovered that bookish theories worked out differently in practical politics. Jefferson also dismissed few Federalist officials and those who wanted the seats complained. Jefferson had to rely on his casual charm because his party was so disunited still
James Madison Marbury v. Madison; Madison took the presedential oath on March 4, 1809 as the awesome conflict in Europe was roaring to its climax; the scholarly Madison was small of stature, light of weight, bald of head, and weak of voice; despite a distinguished career as a legislator he was crippled as president by factions within his party and his cabinet; unable to dominate Congress as Jefferson had done Madison often found himself holding the bag for risky foreign policies not of his own making; was there for the Non-Intercourse Act which was like Jefferson’s embargo and was also there for Macon’s Bill No. 2 which reopened trade except w/ Britain and France; he hated the No. 2 because it practically admitted that the US could not survive without one of the belligerents as a commercial ally;
War Hawks Not all of Madison’s party was reluctant to fight; the complexion of the 12th congress which met late in 1811, differed markedly form that of its predecessor; recent elections had swept away many of the older submission men and replaced them w/ young hot-heads many from the South and West dubbed War-Hawks; their federalist newcomers were indeed on fire for a new war w/ the old enemy; the war hawks were weary of hearing how their fathers had whipped the British single handedly and they detested the manhandling of American sailors and the British Orders in council that damned the flow of American trade especially western farm products headed for Europe; they also yearned to wipe out a renewed Indian threat to the pioneer settlers who were streaming into the trans-Allegheny wilderness; As this white flood washed through the green forests, more and more indians were pushed toward the setting sun
Henry Clay In 1811, new young politicians swept away the older “submission men,” and they appointed Henry Clay ofKentucky, then 34 years old, to Speaker of the House. The western politicians also cried out against the Indian threat onthe frontier. These young, aggressive Congressmen were known as”War Hawks
Impressment Even more galling to American pride than the seizure of wooden ships was the seizure of flesh-and-blood Amercian seamen; Impressment – the forcible enlistment of sailors was a crude form of conscription that the British among others had employed for over four centuries; clubs and stretchers were standard equipment of press gangs from his majesty’s man hungry ships; some 6 thousand bona fide US citizens were impressed by the piratical man stealers of Britain from 1808 to 1811 alone; a number of these luckless souls died or were killed in his majesty’s service leaving their kinfolk and friends;
Lewis and Clark In the spring of 1804 Jefferson sent his personal secretary Meriwether Lewis and a young army officer named William Clark to explore the northern part of the Louisiana Purchase; Aided by the Shoshoni woman Sacajawea, Lewis and Clark ascended the “Great Muddy” or Missouri River from St. Louis, struggle through the Rockies, and descended the Columbia River to the Pacific Coast; it was a 2 and a half expedition; yielded a rich harvest of scientific observations, maps, knowledge of indians in the region; on the great plains they marveled at the immense herds of buffalo, elk, deer, andantelope; Lewis lucky to come back alive when he and 3 other men left the expedition to explore the Marias River in western Montona a band of teenage Blackfoot indians armed w/ crude muskets by British fur traders operating out of Canada stole their horses; lewis chased them on foot and shot one through the belly but the indian returned fire
Tecumseh 2 remarkable Shawnee brothers Tecumseh and Tenskwatawa known to non Indians as the Prophet concluded it was time to stem this onrushing tide; they began to weld together a confederacy of all tribes east of the Mississippi inspiring a movement of Indian unity and cultural renewal; gave up textile clothing for traditional bucksking garments; forswore alcohol; Tecumseh urged his supporters never to cede land to whites unless all indians agreed; in the fall of 1811 William Henry Harrison governor of Indiana Territory gathered an army and advanced on Tecumseh’s headquarters at the junction of the Wabash and Tippecanoe rivers in Indiana; tecumseh absent but recruiting supporters from the south the Prophet attacked Harrison’s army in Tecumseh’s eye w/ a small force of Shawnees; the Shawnees were routed and their settlement burned; this drove them into an alliance w/ Britain; when america’s war came Tecumseh fought for the redcoats until his death in 1813 at the Battle of the Thames; w/ him perished the dream of an Indian confederacy
Patronage Practice of rewarding political support with special favors, often in the form of public office. Upon assuming office, Thomas Jefferson dismissed few Federalist employees, leaving scant openings to fill with political appointees.; , One of the key inducements used by machines. A patronage job, promotion, or contract is one that is given for political reasons rather than for merit or competence alone.
Macon’s Bill No. 2 To Madison’s dismay Congress dismantled the embargo completely w/ a bargaining measure known as Macon’s Bill No. 2; while reopening American trade w/ all the world Macon’s Bill dangled what Congress hoped was an attractive lure, if either Britain or France repealed its commercial restrictions, America would restore its embargo against the nonrepealing nation; to madison the bill was a shameful thing; it practically admitted that the US could not survive without one of them as a commercial ally but it left determination of who that ally would be to the potentates of London and Paris
History Flashcards

Chapter 14 history

The Republican party reflected a combination of all of the following groups, EXCEPT: Cotton Whigs.
John Brown’s raid: set off a panic throughout the slaveholding South.
Lincoln won the election of 1860 by: sweeping the free states.
John Brown targeted Harpers Ferry, Virginia, because: it was the site of a federal arsenal.
The new Fugitive Slave Act outraged abolitionists because it: offered a strong temptation to kidnap free blacks in northern “free” states.
The Confederate States of America seceded after Lincoln’s election because: the southern secessionists were convinced that Lincoln would move against slavery despite his assurances otherwise.
How did passage of the Kansas-Nebraska Act impact the settlement of Kansas? Popular sovereignty encouraged violence-prone supporters and opponents of slavery to flood Kansas.
The Compromise of 1850: strengthened the Fugitive Slave Law.
Why did the Whig party collapse? The strain of the Kansas-Nebraska Act pushed northern and southern members toward joining different parties.
The Republican party platform supported all of the following in 1860, EXCEPT: John Brown’s raid.
John Brown’s raid on Harpers Ferry was intended to: provoke slave insurrections.
All of the following statements about John Brown are true, EXCEPT that he: was fanatically committed to fight to protect the institution of slavery.
During the great congressional debate over the Compromise of 1850: Henry Clay pushed for the compromise and national harmony.
The Supreme Court’s Dred Scott decision: implied that the Missouri Compromise had been unconstitutional.
Passage of the Kansas-Nebraska Act was a victory for: the concept of popular sovereignty.
The discovery of gold in California did all of the following, EXCEPT: create a population with an equal balance of men and women.
What did the Supreme Court rule in Dred Scott v. Sandford? Blacks did not have citizenship and therefore lacked legal standing.
On what legal basis did Dred Scott sue for his freedom? He claimed that living for extended periods in areas where slavery was forbidden made him free.
Stephen Douglas’s proposed Kansas-Nebraska Act: might allow slavery in Kansas and Nebraska.
The idea of popular sovereignty: would allow people in the territories to decide whether or not to permit slavery.
Preston Brooks’s caning of Charles Sumner: made Brooks a hero in much of the South.
Uncle Tom’s Cabin outraged slave owners because it: showed how the brutal realities of slavery harmed everyone associated with it.
The Wilmot Proviso: would prohibit slavery in any lands acquired from Mexico.
History Flashcards

History- Fall of Vietnam, Fall Of Vietnam

Which event did Kent State students protest in 1970? the bombing of Cambodia
What economic lesson did the United States learn from the Vietnam War during the 1970s? The economy cannot fund both a large war and major social programs.
In May of 1970, which event increased Americans’ mistrust of their government? the killing of four students at Kent State University
Which occurred after US troops withdrew from South Vietnam? South Vietnam surrendered after Saigon fell.
President Nixon sent US forces to Cambodia in 1970 to bomb Viet Cong supply lines along the Ho Chi Minh Trail.
Which event directly led to the end of the Vietnam War? the US Christmas bombing campaign
During the Vietnam War, why did antiwar protests increase after US forces attacked Viet Cong bases and supply lines along the Ho Chi Minh trail? Protestors saw the attacks as an escalation of the war.
Which best describes Nixon’s assessment of how Americans felt about the Vietnam War when he became president in 1969? Nixon overestimated people’s support for his Vietnam policies and underestimated opposition to continuing the war.
A change that occurred in the US military following the end of the Vietnam War was that the military became an all-volunteer force.
Which best describes the situation Vietnam veterans faced after returning to the United States? Many suffered from physical and mental injuries, while others felt hostility from civilians around them.
How did the Twenty-sixth Amendment affect the concerns of young people during the Vietnam War? It lowered the voting age, which helped make young people less skeptical.
Why did Nixon order US forces to bomb North Vietnam in 1972? to intimidate its leaders
the first peace talks between the United States and North Vietnam during the Vietnam War began in the late 1960s
how did the war powers act of 1973 affect the power of the president it required the president to inform congress within forty-eight hours of any new troop commitment
In June of 1971, which event increased the credibility gap and antiwar protests? the leaking of the Pentagon Papers to the press
The cease-fire that ended the Vietnam War stated that both parties had to respect South Vietnam’s right to self determination
Which best describes the main goal of those who opposed the Vietnam War in 1969? immediate withdrawal of US troops from South Vietnam
After Richard Nixon was elected president in 1968, he attributed his victory to the support of the “silent majority”
All US troops had left South Vietnam by the end of march, 1973
Which best describes President Nixon’s policy of Vietnamization? It was a strategy that would shift responsibility for fighting the Vietnam War to South Vietnamese troops.
In 1969, opponents of the Vietnam War believed that US involvement was un-justified